Abd Ar-Rahman IV

Abd Ar-Rahman IV

Caliph of Cordoba (1018), great-grandson of Abd ar-Rahman III, representative of the Umayyad dynasty.
Country: Spain

  1. Biography of Abd ar-Rahman IV
  2. Ascension to the Caliphate
  3. Conflict with Hiran
  4. The War with the Granadan Berbers

Biography of Abd ar-Rahman IV

Abd ar-Rahman IV, a descendant of Abd ar-Rahman III, was the caliph of Cordoba in 1018. He belonged to the Umayyad dynasty, which ruled over Cordoba.

Ascension to the Caliphate

Abd ar-Rahman IV became the caliph in 1018 when his supporters, including the ruler of Almeria, Hiran, and the emir of Zaragoza, Munzir I al-Mansur, captured Cordoba and killed Ali al-Nasir. Some sources claim that Hiran and Abd ar-Rahman IV learned about Ali's murder while preparing for a campaign against Cordoba. They discovered that the deed was committed by slaves known as "sakaliba" eunuchs. Despite this revelation, Hiran proclaimed Ali's brother, al-Qasim al-Mamun, as the caliph of Cordoba.

Conflict with Hiran

Unhappy with the prospect of being controlled by Hiran, Abd ar-Rahman IV sought the support of the ruler of Valencia, Mubarak. Hiran and Munzir, along with Abd ar-Rahman IV and their supporters such as Munzir ibn Yahya at-Tujibi, Sulayman ibn Hudm, and the Catalans, marched towards Cordoba. However, Abd ar-Rahman IV, feeling manipulated by Hiran, tried to break free from his influence.

The War with the Granadan Berbers

In an attempt to eliminate a potential rival, Hiran and Munzir involved Abd ar-Rahman IV in a war against the Granadan Berbers. As they approached Granada, they demanded that the city's ruler, Zawi Zirid, acknowledge the authority of the new caliph. However, during the decisive battle, Hiran and Munzir abandoned Abd ar-Rahman IV. The caliph, having lost the battle, fled to Guadix, where he was ultimately killed on Hiran's orders.