Carl Wehner

Carl Wehner

German flautist and music teacher
Country: USA

  1. Biography of Karl Venner
  2. Music Career in St. Petersburg
  3. Move to Hannover
  4. Achievements in America
  5. Flute Technique and Reputation
  6. Friendship with Leonardo de Lorenzo

Biography of Karl Venner

Karl Venner was a German flutist, composer, and music educator. He was born in 1838 in Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany. Venner studied under the Bavarian musician Theobald Böhm, who created the modern transverse flute.

Music Career in St. Petersburg

From 1867 to 1884, Venner served as a soloist in the orchestra of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, where he also taught flute lessons.

Move to Hannover

After his time in St. Petersburg, Karl Venner moved to Hannover, where he became a soloist at the Royal Theatre.

Achievements in America

Later, Venner relocated to America and quickly established himself as a leading flutist in New York City. From 1886 to 1902, he served as a soloist in the New York Philharmonic, one of the oldest and largest symphony orchestras in the United States. He also played at the Metropolitan Opera in Lincoln Center.

Flute Technique and Reputation

Karl Venner was skilled in playing the wooden flute with Böhm's mechanism, which had an open G-sharp and closed key holes. He had a strong dislike for the metallic flute. However, his reputation as one of the finest flutists and educators was challenged when French flutist Georges Barrère, who preferred the modern silver flute, arrived in New York in 1905.

Friendship with Leonardo de Lorenzo

Three years before his death in 1900, Karl Venner met Italian virtuoso flutist Leonardo de Lorenzo in New York City and they became friends. Venner composed several flute etudes, including "Canto Elegiaco" and "12 Exercises for Rapid Technique Development."