David Kldiashvili

David Kldiashvili

Georgian writer
Date of Birth: 10.09.1862
Country: Georgia

Biography of Davit Kldiashvili

Davit Kldiashvili was a prominent Georgian writer and a leading representative of critical realism in Georgian literature. He was born on September 11th, 1862, in the village of Simoneti in the Kutaisi province (Imereti) to a family of minor gentry. He studied at a gymnasium in Kutaisi and later attended a cadet corps in Kiev, graduating in 1880. He furthered his education at the Moscow Military School, completing his studies in 1882.

During the revolutionary events in Batumi from 1905 to 1907, Kldiashvili participated and was subsequently dismissed from military service. His father, Sergo Davidovich Kldiashvili, was a Georgian playwright.

Kldiashvili began his literary career in the 1880s. He authored the novellas "Solomon Morbeladze" (1894, translated into Russian in 1930), "Stepmother Samanishvili" (1897, translated into Russian in 1947), and "Misfortunes of the Kamushadze Family" (1897, translated into Russian in 1939). He also wrote the short stories "Sacrifice" (1893) and "Curse" (1894, translated into Russian in 1950), as well as plays such as "Happiness of Irina" (1897), "Misfortunes of Darispan" (1903), and "Misfortune" (1914).

In his works, Davit Kldiashvili depicted vivid pictures of life in Western Georgia, portraying the hardships of Georgian peasants, their powerlessness, backwardness, and superstitions. In 1930, he was awarded the title of People's Writer of the Georgian SSR. He passed away on April 24th, 1931, and was buried in the Mtatsminda Pantheon in Tbilisi.

Kldiashvili's works have been adapted for the stage and performed at the Shota Rustaveli Theatre in Tbilisi, the K. Mardjanishvili Theatre in Tbilisi, and the Lado Meskhishvili Theatre in Kutaisi. The Georgian stage has also seen productions based on his short stories, such as "Stepmother Samanishvili" and "Autumn Nobility."