Fadei Sarkisian

Fadei Sarkisian

President of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, State Prize laureate, Major General
Date of Birth: 18.09.1923
Country: Armenia

  1. Biography of Fadey Sarkisyan
  2. Education and Early Career
  3. Achievements and Contributions
  4. Later Career and Achievements

Biography of Fadey Sarkisyan

Fadey T. Sarkisyan, a doctor of technical sciences, is the President of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia. He is also a laureate of the State Prize and a major general. Sarkisyan was born on September 18, 1923, in Yerevan. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia since 1971 and a member of the International Association of Academies of Sciences since 1993. Additionally, he is a member of the International Academy of Informatics since 1995 and the Portuguese Academy of History since 1995. Sarkisyan holds honorary membership in the International Engineering Academy since 1994, the International Academy "Ararat" in Paris since 1994, and the Armenian Philosophical Academy since 1991. He is also a member of the General Assembly of the International Federation for Information Processing since 1995 and the General Assembly of the International Association of Scientific Unions since 1993.

Education and Early Career

Sarkisyan studied at the Yerevan Polytechnic Institute from 1940 to 1942 and graduated from the Leningrad Military Electrotechnical Academy named after S.M. Budenny from 1942 to 1946. From 1946 to 1963, he worked as an employee of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the Main Missile and Artillery Administration of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR.

In 1952, Sarkisyan served as an advisor in the air defense operations in China and was awarded two medals by the Chinese government. From 1963 to 1977, he worked as the director of the Yerevan Research Institute of Mathematical Machines and the chief designer of specialized large automated control systems.

Achievements and Contributions

During his tenure, Sarkisyan and his team developed and implemented electronic computing machines such as "Razdan," "Nairi," ES-1030, ES-1040, and ES-1045 in both the Soviet Union and abroad. They also developed and implemented automated control systems for both civilian and defense purposes. In 1977, Sarkisyan was appointed as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR. Under his leadership, the industrial production of the republic more than doubled. Industries such as precision engineering, electronics, informatics, and instrument-making experienced significant development during this period. The energy sector, transportation, and social sphere also saw rapid progress. Important transport networks, including the first stage of the Yerevan Metro, the Masis-Nurnus and Ijevan-Razdan railways, highways, and gas pipelines, were developed and put into operation in the republic.

Sarkisyan played a crucial role in solving major environmental problems in the country. He spearheaded the complete reconstruction of the only plant in the USSR producing chloroprene rubber - NPO "Nairit," reducing harmful emissions and preventing catastrophic explosions. The reconstruction of the Kirovakan Chemical Plant, Kanaker Aluminum Plant, and Alaverdi Metallurgical Plant greatly improved the environmental situation in the republic and enhanced the quality of the produced goods. Under Sarkisyan's leadership, the Razdan Chemical Plant was reconstructed and re-profiled, thus preserving one of the most valuable recreational areas for tens of thousands of children and enabling the construction of one of the largest radio plants in the USSR. The construction of the Armenian Nuclear Power Plant was completed, and important water transfer projects, including the 49-kilometer Arpa-Sevan canal and the Vorotan-Arpa canal, were implemented to ensure water supply, irrigation, and energy production.

During the years 1988-1989, Sarkisyan led the headquarters for overcoming the consequences of the devastating Spitak earthquake. He organized and carried out rescue operations and reconstruction efforts. Throughout his career as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR, Sarkisyan was repeatedly honored with orders and high state awards.

Later Career and Achievements

In 1989, Sarkisyan transitioned to the Department of Physical-Technical Sciences and Informatics of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, where he worked as an academic secretary until 1993. Since 1993, he has been serving as the President of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia.

Sarkisyan has authored and co-authored over 200 scientific articles, reports, and papers in the fields of radar, electronics, computer technology, control systems, and production organization. He received the State Prize of the USSR (1971) and the State Prize of Ukraine (1986) as part of the collective of authors for his outstanding achievements in creating the series of electronic computing machines "Nairi" (1960-1970), which were the first in the USSR to use integrated circuits and hardware for self-programming. He also received the State Prize of the USSR in 1981 for the creation of large hierarchical automated control systems with unique characteristics in terms of reliability, readiness coefficient, calculation accuracy, and guaranteed execution time for priority tasks.

For his exceptional contributions to the development of science and technology in the USSR, Sarkisyan has been awarded the Order of Lenin (1981), the Order of the October Revolution (1971), and three Orders of the Red Banner of Labor (1965, 1976, 1986). He has also received the "For Military Merit" medal (1952) and several medals from the USSR and foreign countries.

Sarkisyan has been elected as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR and the USSR multiple times since 1964 and was a candidate for membership in the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1995 and 1999, he was elected as a deputy of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia.

In addition to his professional achievements, Sarkisyan enjoys classical music and literature and has a passion for modern radio engineering products. He currently lives and works in Yerevan.