Francesco Zuccarelli

Francesco Zuccarelli

Italian artist.
Date of Birth: 15.08.1702
Country: Italy

  1. Biography of Francesco Zuccarelli
  2. Early Career
  3. Success in England
  4. Influence and Late Years

Biography of Francesco Zuccarelli

Francesco Zuccarelli was an Italian artist who was born in southern Tuscany. He first studied under Paolo Anesi in Florence, and then Giovanni-Maria Morandi and Pietro Nelli in Rome. Initially, Zuccarelli intended to dedicate himself to historical painting in the style of Claude Lorrain, but by chance, he began working on landscapes and realized that it was his true calling. He then specialized in landscape painting.

Early Career

After his training in Rome, Zuccarelli moved to Venice where he started leaning towards pastoral painting in the style of Giuseppe Zais. Although he was born in Tuscany, Zuccarelli is associated with the Venetian school because he spent his entire life working in Venice. He first worked in Rome and later became active in Venice, where he received patronage from the English Consul Smith. It was Smith who provided him with the opportunity to travel to England.

Success in England

In the first half of the 18th century, Francesco Zuccarelli made a trip to London where his paintings gained great success. Upon returning to Venice, he continued to paint landscapes, selling many of them in Vienna and Dresden. During his second trip to England, he stayed there for over 20 years, working from 1752 to 1773. In 1768, he became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy of Arts. Zuccarelli also painted decorations for the London Opera House and views of the Thames.

Influence and Late Years

Interestingly, it is believed that Zuccarelli's work had an impact on the development of Joshua Reynolds' painting style. In many of his works, Zuccarelli included a small image of a pumpkin as a unique signature-vignette, as his surname translates literally from Italian as "little pumpkin." In addition to painting, Zuccarelli also engaged in engraving, with his best-known works in this field being "Madonna" with Andrea del Sarto and "Cavalry Battle" with Simonini.

Francesco Zuccarelli spent his final years in Florence. His landscapes were characterized by a more idealistic nature compared to the works of Marco Ricci, who influenced him. Zuccarelli portrayed a brighter and more optimistic vision of nature, interpreted in a graceful and idyllic manner. In his later works, possibly influenced by Canaletto, the artist gave his compositions a truly cosmic scale.

Zuccarelli's works achieved great success both in Venice and in England. His beautiful paintings are held in collections such as the Accademia in Venice, the Accademia Carrara in Bergamo, the Borromeo Collection in Isola Bella, as well as two fantastic landscapes, co-authored with Antonio Visentini, in Windsor Castle in England. Additionally, the artist's works are widely represented in English museums (Glasgow, London, Oxford, Cambridge) and private collections.

In Russia, one of Zuccarelli's works is housed in the collection of the Museum of Private Collections of the International Institute of Antiquity, which is part of the ASG Investment Group. The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg also possesses two landscapes by this master.