Franklin James Schaffner

Franklin James Schaffner

American film director
Date of Birth: 30.05.1920
Country: USA

Biography of Franklin James Schaffner

Franklin James Schaffner, an American film director, was born in Tokyo, Japan in 1920. He was raised in a missionary family and later moved to the United States with his family during his teenage years. While studying at a college in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Schaffner developed an interest in drama and participated in a dramatic studio.

Schaffner enrolled at Columbia University to study law, but with the onset of World War II, he was drafted into the United States Navy before completing his education. He served in combat in North Africa and Europe and was later transferred to the Pacific Fleet of the US Navy. After the war, he returned to the United States and started working at CBS television studio.

In 1954, Schaffner received his first Emmy Award for directing the television adaptation of Reginald Rose's play "Twelve Angry Men." The following year, he won two more Emmy Awards for his work on the television adaptation of the Broadway play "The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial." He earned critical acclaim and his fourth Emmy Award for directing the early seasons of the series "The Defenders."

In 1963, Schaffner directed his first feature film, "The Stripper," which received positive reviews from critics. He followed it up with the political drama "The Best Man" in 1964, based on Gore Vidal's play, starring Henry Fonda. The film received multiple nominations and won a special jury prize at the Karlovy Vary Film Festival.

In 1965, Schaffner's film "The War Lord" explored the negative aspects of feudalism, deviating from the romanticized portrayal of knights, and was considered innovative in Hollywood. His 1967 political thriller "The Double Man," starring Yul Brynner, was shot in the United Kingdom but did not achieve international success.

Schaffner's most notable achievement came in 1970 when he directed the film "Patton," which won him an Academy Award for Best Director. He continued to direct successful films such as "Planet of the Apes," "Papillon," and "Nicholas and Alexandra" throughout his career.

Franklin James Schaffner's contribution to the film industry and his innovative approach to television directing revolutionized the way news programs and reports were presented to viewers. He left a lasting impact on the world of cinema and his work continues to be celebrated and studied.