Hugo Gaase

Hugo Gaase

German statesman.
Date of Birth: 29.09.1863
Country: Germany

Biography of Hugo Haase

Hugo Haase was a German politician, leader of the German Social Democracy, lawyer, and pacifist. He was born into a family of a shoemaker and a small Jewish merchant. After finishing gymnasium, Haase studied law and social sciences at the Albertina University in Königsberg. Following his education, he worked as a lawyer and participated in many political processes, gradually becoming involved with the social democratic movement in Germany. In 1912, he moved to Berlin and from 1911 to 1917, Haase served as one of the chairmen of the Social Democratic Party. He was a member of the Reichstag from 1897 to 1907 and from 1912 to 1918. On August 4, 1914, Haase delivered a speech in the Reichstag justifying the Social Democratic Party's vote for military credits. However, he later took a strongly anti-war position and severed ties with the social democrats. In April 1917, he co-founded the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany with Karl Kautsky and other like-minded individuals. During the November Revolution of 1918, Haase, along with Friedrich Ebert, served as the co-chairman of the Temporary Government of Germany - the Council of People's Representatives. After the formation of the Communist Party of Germany, he opposed the radical wing in his own party, which advocated for collaboration with the communists. At the same time, he strongly condemned the reprisals carried out by government troops against the rebellious naval soldiers during the Christmas of 1918, organized on Ebert's orders.

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