Ieremiia-Veniamin Rihter

Ieremiia-Veniamin Rihter

German chemist
Date of Birth: 10.03.1762
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of Jeremiah Benjamin Richter
  2. Contributions to Chemistry
  3. Membership in the Petersburg Academy of Sciences

Biography of Jeremiah Benjamin Richter

Jeremiah Benjamin Richter was a German chemist born in Hirschberg, Silesia. He attended the University of Königsberg and graduated in 1789. After completing his education, Richter worked as an assayer in Breslau from 1794, and later in the management of the Berlin Mining District.

Contributions to Chemistry

In 1798, Richter became a chemist at a porcelain manufactory in Berlin. He was dedicated to finding mathematical relationships in chemical reactions. In 1793, he published a work titled "Anfangsgründe der Stöchyometrie, oder Messkunst chemischer Elemente" (Principles of Stoichiometry, or the Measurement of Chemical Elements). In this work, he demonstrated that elements combine to form compounds in specific proportions, which he later referred to as equivalents. He introduced the concept of "stoichiometry."

However, Richter's work remained unnoticed by his contemporaries until 1802 when German chemist Johann Friedrich August Göttling compiled a table of chemical equivalents based on Richter's data. This table was included in the comments of the German translation of Claude Louis Berthollet's book "Investigation of the Laws of Affinity in Chemistry" in 1806. Richter's discoveries played a significant role in the establishment of chemical atomism and had a profound influence on the research of William Wollaston and Jöns Jacob Berzelius.

Membership in the Petersburg Academy of Sciences

Since 1800, Richter has been a corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences. His contributions to the field of chemistry were recognized, and he was elected to this prestigious scientific institution.

Jeremiah Benjamin Richter's work laid the foundation for stoichiometry and contributed to the development of chemical atomism. His investigations and discoveries continue to be significant in the field of chemistry.