Ludvik Utsevich

Ludvik Utsevich

Lithuanian writer, poet, folklorist and ethnographer
Date of Birth: 15.12.1813
Country: Lithuania

Biography of Ludwik Jucewicz

Ludwik Jucewicz was a Lithuanian writer, poet, folklorist, ethnographer, translator, and historian of Lithuanian literature. He was born in Lithuania in the early 19th century. Jucewicz studied at a gymnasium in Krozhy (1823-1829) before pursuing a degree in medicine at Vilnius University (1829-1831). However, his studies were interrupted by the 1830 Uprising, which led to the closure of the university.

After the uprising, Jucewicz worked as a teacher in Pokeve. In 1834, he enrolled at the Vilnius Roman Catholic Seminary and later transferred to the Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy after two years of study. After completing his education in 1838, Jucewicz served as a Vicar in Sventsyany and then Svedosci (Svedasai), while also working as a private tutor for noble families.

During this time, Jucewicz entered into a romantic relationship with one of his students, Malvina Zhuravskaya, which resulted in her pregnancy. In order to marry Zhuravskaya, Jucewicz converted from Catholicism to Orthodoxy and the couple moved to Belarus. Jucewicz worked as a teacher, teaching subjects such as history, literature, and geography. He is considered one of the pioneers of the Lithuanian national revival and primarily wrote in Polish.

In 1834, Jucewicz published his first book, "Pisma Ludwika Adama Jucewicza" (The Works of Ludwik Adam Jucewicz), which consisted of translations of works by A.S. Pushkin, N.M. Karamzin, V.A. Zhukovsky, K.N. Batyushkov, and Fenelon. He also published several articles on Lithuanian customs and traditions, reviews of Lithuanian literature, and essays on the works of individual Lithuanian writers. Additionally, he compiled a biographical directory of Lithuanian scholars, which included information on 184 Lithuanian writers and educators (published only in 1975).

In 1841, Jucewicz released the literary almanac "Linksmine" in Vilnius, written in Polish. He also included his own translations of contemporary Polish poems into Lithuanian in a collection published in Vilnius in 1837.

Some of Jucewicz's articles, such as "Stones of Lithuanian Goddesses," "Transformations in Lithuanian Mythology," "Lithuanian Customs, Games, Proverbs, and Traditions," were published in the Russian-language journal "Syn Otechestva" in St. Petersburg in 1836 and 1839. Jucewicz used cryptonyms and pseudonyms such as L.A.J., L.J., Ludwik z Pokiewia, and N.N.

Throughout his career, Jucewicz authored several works, including "Historyja litewska dla dzieci przez L.A.J." (Lithuanian History for Children by L.A.J.) in 1836, "Wyjatki z nowoczesnych poetow polskich" (Excerpts from Modern Polish Poets) in 1837, "Pryslowia ludu litewskiego" (Proverbs of the Lithuanian People) in 1840, "Rysy Zmudzi" (Characteristics of Zemaitija) in 1840, "Piesni litewskie" (Lithuanian Songs) in 1844, and "Litwa pod wzgledem starozytnych zabytkow, obyczajow i zwyczajow skreslona przez Ludwika z Pokiewia" (Lithuania in Terms of Ancient Monuments, Customs, and Traditions, Written by Ludwik z Pokiewia) in 1846.

One of Jucewicz's works, "Rastai," was published posthumously in 1959 by the State Fiction Publishing House in Vilnius.