Osip Krivoglaz

Osip Krivoglaz

Architect, artist.
Date of Birth: 02.07.1918
Country: Ukraine

Content:
  1. Biography of Osip Krivoglaz
  2. Architectural Career
  3. Artistic Endeavors

Biography of Osip Krivoglaz

Osip Krivoglaz was an architect and artist, born on July 2, 1918, in Kyiv, Ukraine, to a family of doctors. He enrolled in the architecture faculty of the Kyiv Art Institute in 1937 and later transferred to the Moscow Architectural Institute, where he graduated in 1943. Over the course of 40 years, he worked as a practicing architect in Kyiv, designing various buildings and complexes in the city, as well as health resorts in Truskavets, Yalta (Mischor), and Nadyim.

Architectural Career

Krivoglaz began his professional career by constructing several Stalinist high-rises, known as "stalinkas," in Kyiv. These buildings, located on Igorivska, Kalinina (Sofiivska), and Vozduhoflotsky Avenue, showcased his talent for architectural compositions and attention to detail. He also demonstrated his abilities as a talented urban planner through his unrealized project for the development of Pecherska Square (Lesya Ukrainka Square) in 1947.

During the Khrushchev era, when architectural excesses were deemed illegal, Krivoglaz had to work within simplified forms. Despite these constraints, he still achieved expressive solutions. For example, the complex of two residential buildings on Chkalova Street (Oles Honchara Street) and Chekhov Lane was designed as a symmetrical composition on challenging terrain, with a monumental staircase leading to the Central Covered Market. The Leningrad Cinema building took the form of a simple parallelepiped, but massive wall surfaces were covered with decorative tiles, resembling a carpet. Unfortunately, many of Krivoglaz's buildings have been altered over time, including the privatization and reconstruction of the DOSAAF Water Station on Trukhaniv Island, and the loss of perspective of the complex on Oles Honchara Street and Chekhov Lane after the demolition of the Central Market.

Artistic Endeavors

At the age of 40, Krivoglaz turned to painting. His preferred mediums were oil on cardboard, hardboard, and canvas. Initially, he focused on landscapes and still lifes, using a traditional style. His works were characterized by a fresh and expressive color palette, harmonious composition, and lyrical mood. He had a natural sense of color and compositional skills, which he acquired as an architect.

In the late 1960s, Krivoglaz became interested in exploring new forms and experimented with avant-garde and synthesized styles. He incorporated decorative traditions from Japanese prints, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Matisse into his own unique approach. While his subject matter shifted from nature to "inner vision," the artist often returned to realistic forms, creating meticulously organized compositions based on line and color. Some of his works even retained the natural color of the hardboard, untouched by paint.

One of the highlights of Krivoglaz's artistic career was his series of female portraits, created in the 2000s. This gallery of women, titled "With Love for Women," held a special place in his body of work.

Osip Krivoglaz passed away on July 3, 2012, in Kyiv. He was a distinguished member of the Union of Architects of Ukraine since 1946 and served as a member of the Urban Planning Council of the Kyiv City Architecture Department from 1984 to 2009. Throughout his life, he received several Soviet medals and the "Sign of Honor from the Kyiv City Mayor." He was laid to rest at the Berkovetske Cemetery.

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