Yevsey Liberman

Yevsey Liberman

Ukrainian Soviet economist.
Date of Birth: 02.12.1897
Country: Ukraine

Biography of Evsei Liberman

Evsei Liberman was a Ukrainian Soviet economist and the author of the concept of the Kosygin economic reform in 1965. He was born in the city of Slavuta in the Podolsk province, in a family of a forestry estate servant. Liberman graduated with honors from the gymnasium in 1915 and the law faculty of the Imperial University of St. Vladimir in 1920.

From 1920 to 1923, Liberman worked as a civil servant in Soviet state institutions in the Ukrainian SSR. In 1923, he continued his education as an intern at the Institute of Labor of the People's Commissariat for Workers' and Peasants' Inspection of the Ukrainian SSR in Kharkiv. He headed the laboratory of production accounting and analysis and established the country's first machine accounting station at the Serp i Molot machine-building plant in Kharkiv.

Starting from 1930, Liberman taught at the Kharkiv Engineering and Economic Institute and headed the Department of Organization and Planning of the Machine-Building Industry. In the 1940s and 1950s, he led a team of economists and conducted extensive research on machine-building enterprises in Kharkiv and the Kharkiv region. He also established the Research Laboratory of Economics and Planning of Machine-Building Production at the Kharkiv Council of the National Economy at the Kharkiv Engineering and Economic Institute.

Liberman's research led to the formulation of proposals for the reform of the economic mechanism of the socialist industry, which he presented in a memorandum to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and outlined in an article titled "Plan, Profit, Bonus" published in the newspaper "Pravda" on September 9, 1962. He actively participated in the nationwide economic discussion and contributed to the development of the 1965 economic reform.

One of Liberman's disciples is the Russian economist D.S. Lvov, who became an academician. In his later years, Liberman worked as a professor at the Department of Statistics and Accounting of the Kharkiv State University named after A.M. Gorky.

Evsei Liberman was born on October 2, 1897, in Slavuta, Podolsk province. He graduated with honors from a gymnasium in Kyiv in 1915. From 1921 to 1923, he worked as a civil servant in the People's Commissariat for Workers' and Peasants' Inspection of the Ukrainian SSR. From 1923 to 1929, he was an intern at the Institute of Labor of the People's Commissariat for Workers' and Peasants' Inspection of the Ukrainian SSR, where he headed the laboratory of production accounting and analysis. He went on scientific missions to Germany in 1924 and 1926.

From 1930 to 1941, Liberman served as the head of the Department of Economics and Organization of Machine-Building Production at the Kharkiv Engineering and Economic Institute. In 1938 and 1939, he was arrested by the NKVD (Soviet secret police) on fabricated charges of espionage and terrorism and was under investigation. In 1939, he defended his dissertation for the degree of candidate of economic sciences.

During World War II, from 1941 to 1943, Liberman worked as a civil servant in the Ministry of Finance of the Kirghiz SSR. From 1944 to 1946, he was a researcher at the Research Institute of Finance in Moscow. From 1947 to 1962, he was the head of the Department of Economics and Organization of Machine-Building Production at the Kharkiv Engineering and Economic Institute. In 1956, he obtained a doctorate in economic sciences with a thesis on "Ways to Increase the Profitability of Socialist Enterprises."

In addition to his academic work, Liberman published numerous works, including his notable publication "Economic Methods of Public Production Efficiency" in 1970. He passed away on November 11, 1981.

© BIOGRAPHS