Anatol Litvak

Anatol Litvak

French and American director
Date of Birth: 05.05.1902
Country: France

Biography of Anatole Litvak

Anatole Litvak was a French and American filmmaker who worked in the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, Germany, France, and the United States. He was born on May 5, 1902, in Kiev, into a Jewish family. At the age of 14, he became a stage worker in a theater in Petrograd. Litvak studied philosophy at Petrograd University and attended acting school, where he performed in plays and worked as an assistant director. In 1923, he started working in the film industry as an assistant director, production designer, and screenwriter. In 1925, he directed his first film, "Tatiana." In the same year, he left the Soviet Union and spent the next ten years working in Germany, England, and France. In Germany, he worked as an editor for Georg Wilhelm Pabst's film "Joyless Street" (1925) and as an assistant director on various productions. In 1930, he became a director at UFA Studios.

Before the rise of the Nazis, Litvak left Germany. After directing one film in England, he moved to France. In 1937, following the success of the film "Mayerling" (1936), he received an invitation to Hollywood, where he spent the next 20 years making films for Warner Bros, Fox, and others. From 1937 to 1939, he was married to actress Miriam Hopkins. In 1939, he directed one of the first anti-Nazi films, "Confessions of a Nazi Spy." During World War II, Litvak, who had acquired American citizenship, served in the military. Together with Frank Capra, he made documentary films such as "Why We Fight." In 1944, he was in charge of filming the Allies' landing in Normandy. He was awarded numerous honors and was discharged from the army with the rank of colonel. After the war, he returned to Hollywood, where he continued to enjoy a reputation as a skilled craftsman.

From the 1950s, Litvak increasingly worked in Europe, and from the early 1960s, he lived in Paris. He passed away on December 15, 1974.

Filmography:
- 1924: "The Youngest Pioneer" (comedy, screenplay writer)
- 1925: "Tatiana"
- 1930: "Dolly Makes a Career"
- 1931: "No More Love"
- 1932: "Song of the Night"
- 1933: "This Old Rascal"
- 1935: "The Crew"
- 1936: "Mayerling"
- 1937: "The Woman I Love"
- 1937: "Tovarich"
- 1938: "The Sisters"
- 1938: "The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse"
- 1939: "Confessions of a Nazi Spy"
- 1940: "All This and Heaven Too"
- 1940: "Castle on the Hudson"
- 1941: "Out of the Fog"
- 1942: "This Above All"
- 1947: "The Long Night"
- 1948: "Sorry, Wrong Number"
- 1948: "The Snake Pit"
- 1950: "Decision Before Dawn"
- 1954: "Act of Love"
- 1955: "The Deep Blue Sea"
- 1956: "Anastasia"
- 1959: "The Journey"
- 1961: "Goodbye Again"
- 1962: "Five Miles to Midnight"
- 1967: "Night of the Generals"
- 1970: "The Lady in the Car With Glasses and a Gun"

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