Catherine of Braganza

Catherine of Braganza

Portuguese princess of the House of Braganza
Date of Birth: 25.11.1638
Country: Portugal

  1. Biography of Catherine of Braganza
  2. Challenges and Accomplishments
  3. Later Life and Legacy

Biography of Catherine of Braganza

Catherine of Braganza, a Portuguese princess from the House of Braganza, was born on November 25, 1638. She is credited with introducing the tradition of tea drinking in England. The daughter of King John IV of Portugal, Catherine became the wife of King Charles II of England, Scotland, and Ireland in 1662. England had always supported Portugal, and there was a mutual interest in weakening Spain, which contributed to the idea of forming an alliance between the English and Portuguese royal houses. According to some accounts, the French monarch Louis XIV proposed the idea of a marriage alliance between the English and Portuguese royal families to King Charles II Stuart. Catherine of Braganza brought an extravagant dowry to the King, including Bombay and Tangier.

Challenges and Accomplishments

Catherine of Braganza was a Catholic and refused to convert to Protestantism when she married Charles II. As a result, she was not crowned in Protestant London. Catherine suffered from her husband's constant infidelity and their inability to have children. However, over time, mockery of her gave way to respect. After the death of her husband and the accession of his brother James, Catherine supported the rebellious Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of King Charles, but her efforts were unsuccessful.

Later Life and Legacy

After the Glorious Revolution, when the Stuarts were exiled from England, Catherine was allowed to live according to her high status in Somerset House. In 1692, she returned to Portugal. Catherine of Braganza passed away on December 31, 1705, in her homeland and was buried in the Hieronymites Monastery in Lisbon.