Chico Buarque

Chico Buarque

Brazilian singer
Date of Birth: 19.06.1944
Country: Brazil

  1. Biography of Chico Buarque
  2. Early Life and Influences
  3. Musical Career
  4. Literary Work
  5. Legacy

Biography of Chico Buarque

Chico Buarke, whose full name is Francisco Buarque de Hollanda, is a Brazilian singer, songwriter, and composer. Born on June 19, 1944, in Rio de Janeiro, he is considered one of the most outstanding musicians of the 20th century in Brazil.

Early Life and Influences

Chico Buarke spent his childhood in Sao Paulo, where his father, Sergio Buarke de Hollanda, was the director of a historical museum. He also spent some time in Italy when his father was invited to teach history at the University of Rome. Growing up in a well-connected family, Chico Buarke had the opportunity to meet renowned musicians and artists. Among his family friends were Baden-Powell, Oscar Castro Neves, and Vinicius de Moraes, who later became his collaborator.

Musical Career

Chico Buarke's musical journey began in 1964 when he started performing at music festivals. His first single, released in 1965, included the songs "Pedro Pedreiro" and "Sonho de um Carnaval." These performances gained him recognition, and he started appearing on television and receiving critical acclaim. In 1966, his song "A Banda" shared first place at the Brazilian Popular Music Festival, becoming an instant hit in Brazil and internationally.

During the military dictatorship in Brazil, the government tightly controlled song lyrics, and Chico Buarke was considered a subversive artist. In 1968, his satirical play "Roda Viva" was violently interrupted by military forces, and his critical song "Apesar De Voce" faced censorship. As a result, he signed some of his songs under the pseudonym Julinho de Adelaide to evade censorship.

Chico Buarke's discography includes several successful albums, such as "Construcao" (1971), which featured the hit song "O Que Sera" that was included in the soundtrack of the film "Donna Flor and Her Two Husbands" (1976). Other notable songs by Chico Buarke include "Essa Moca ta Diferente" (1969), "Apesar de Voce," "Cacada," "Calice," and "Carolina."

In addition to his own music, Chico Buarke has collaborated with other composers, most notably Antonio Carlos Jobim. Together, they created songs like "Sabia," "Ligia," "Olha Maria," and "Anos Dourados."

Literary Work

In recent years, Chico Buarke has also ventured into literary work. He has written plays like "Opera do Malandro" and "Gota D'Agua" with Paulo Pontes, as well as novels like "Estorvo" (1991) and "Benjamin" (1995).


Chico Buarke is regarded as one of the best Portuguese-language poets and songwriters. His lyrics, which are not only for his own songs but also for other composers, are known for their originality and depth. He has made a significant contribution to Brazilian popular music and continues to be an idol for several generations of Brazilians.

Today, Chico Buarke's music remains influential, and his songs are cherished by his compatriots. Despite being less known internationally, his talent and contribution to Brazilian culture have earned him the title of one of the greatest Brazilian musicians of the 20th century.