David Livingstone

David Livingstone

Scottish explorer of Africa, missionary
Date of Birth: 19.03.1813
Country: Great Britain

  1. The Scottish Explorer of Africa, Missionary
  2. Missionary Work in Kuruman
  3. Exploration of the Zambezi River
  4. Recognition and Further Expeditions
  5. Meeting with Stanley and Final Journey

The Scottish Explorer of Africa, Missionary

David Livingstone was born on March 19, 1813, in Blantyre, located near Glasgow. From the age of ten, he worked in a textile factory. At the age of 23, he graduated from Anderson College and later from the University of Glasgow, obtaining a medical degree. He joined the London Missionary Society, which sent him to Southern Africa.

Missionary Work in Kuruman

In 1840, Livingstone settled in Kuruman, present-day South Africa, and established a base for missionary activities. In 1843, he embarked on a journey of approximately 640 km to Mabotsa. In 1849, he explored the northeastern outskirts of the Kalahari Desert until the Zuga River. From there, he reached the northeastern tip of Lake Ngami.

Exploration of the Zambezi River

In 1851, Livingstone reached the Zambezi River at Sesheke. He traveled along the edge of the Kalahari Desert and reached the Linyanti River, a tributary of the Zambezi, in the Caprivi area. In 1853, he arrived at Sesheke and ascended the Zambezi River until the confluence with the Kabompo River. He then crossed the continent from Luanda, present-day Angola, to the western coast of Africa and arrived at Kilimane, present-day Mozambique, on the eastern coast. Following the Zambezi River, he reached Victoria Falls in 1855.

Recognition and Further Expeditions

Livingstone's achievements were enthusiastically welcomed in England in 1856, and in 1858, he was appointed consul in Kilimane. He explored the Zambezi, Shire, and Ruvuma Rivers, as well as Lake Chilwa and Lake Nyasa. In 1865, he led an expedition to study the watershed in Central Africa, aiming to find the source of the Nile. He visited Lake Mweru and Lake Bangweulu during this expedition.

Meeting with Stanley and Final Journey

During the expedition, Livingstone fell ill with fever and was saved by journalist H.M. Stanley, who found him on November 3, 1871, in the village of Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika. On his last attempt to find the source of the Nile, he fell ill and died in the village of Chitambo on the shores of Lake Bangweulu on April 30, 1873. His heart was buried in Ilala, and his remains were transported to Zanzibar, then to London, and finally buried in Westminster Abbey. Among Livingstone's books are "Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa" (1857) and "Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries" (1865).