Dihan Abilev

Dihan Abilev

Outstanding Kazakh writer, poet, journalist.
Date of Birth: 26.12.1907
Country: Kazakhstan

  1. Biography of Dikhan Abilev
  2. Early Literary Career
  3. War Years
  4. Major Works
  5. Recognition and Awards
  6. Death and Legacy

Biography of Dikhan Abilev

Dikhan Abilev was an outstanding Kazakh writer, poet, and journalist. He was born on October 1, 1907, in the village of Moyaldy-bulak near Lake Zhasybay in the Bayanauyl district. His family later moved to the city of Semipalatinsk. After graduating from the Semipalatinsk Agricultural Technical School, he worked in Soviet institutions and taught in a primary school.

In 1926, Abilev's first poems, "About the Red Army," were published in the Semipalatinsk regional newspaper "Kazak tili." In 1932-1934, he served as the head of the party life department in the editorial office of the Karaganda regional newspaper "Lenin Tuy." During this time, he also enrolled and completed his studies at the Kazakh Communist Institute of Journalism in Alma-Ata in 1937.

Early Literary Career

In the same year, 1937, Abilev's first collection of poems, "Kuat," was published. In 1938, he published a poem titled "Shalkyma" about a poor boy who became a fighter for a new life. From 1939 to 1940, Abilev worked as the secretary responsible and later became the chairman of the Union of Writers of Kazakhstan. He also served as the chief editor of Kazgoslitizdat and the director of the Kazakh department of the Literary Foundation of the USSR.

War Years

From 1939 to 1942, Dikhan Abilev pursued his studies in the graduate program at the Abai Kazakh Pedagogical Institute in Alma-Ata. From 1942, he served as a war correspondent for the newspaper "Natis vraga," the organ of the Political Administration of the First Baltic Front. His poems written during this time, such as "You, Motherland, Are Worth Everything," "Under Moscow," "Our Brave Colonel," and "Look at the Face of the Fascist," celebrated the heroism, resilience, and courage of the Soviet people and soldiers.

However, Abilev almost faced expulsion from the party and execution for his pacifist poem "Maydanbek" written in 1943. Malik Gabdullin, also a writer and front-line soldier who had received the Hero of the Soviet Union award, managed to intervene with the help of General Drebedenev and overturn the verdict of the military tribunal. Abilev himself served throughout the war and participated in battles against Japanese militarists. He received the medals of the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class, and the Red Star for his wartime achievements.

Major Works

After demobilization, Abilev became one of the leaders of a creative union. He continued to explore the theme of the nation's wartime heroism in his poem "Fate of Love" (1961), which dedicated to the life of a fighter-journalist named Baubek Bulkishev who died on the front.

Abilev wrote the novel in verse "Heart of Altai" ("Altai Zhuregi," 1953, Russian translation 1954), later reissued under the title "Banner in the Mountains" ("Taudayy Tuy," 1957). The novel sheds light on the historical events that took place in the Altai Mountains during the Civil War. He also wrote the poem "Fiery Waves" ("Otty Tolyndary," 1956), which reveals the labor struggle of the Kazakh proletariat during the formation of the socialist economy. Abilev is also known for his works of historical prose. In 1981, he published a trilogy novel titled "Sultanmahmut" about the fate of the Kazakh poet-democrat, Sultanmahmut Toraygyrov ("Poet's Dream," 1965; "Path of the Dream," 1969; "At the Foot of Bayanaul," 1975).

Kazakh composers Latif Khamidi and Bakhytzhan Baykadamov have set Abilev's poems to music, including songs like "Song of Joy" and "Motherland." His dramatic works, including plays like "Friends-Comrades," "Mayra," and "Hot Heart," have been staged in theaters across the republic. In addition to his literary and poetic activities, Abilev was also involved in translations. He translated several works by Nikolay Nekrasov, Mikhail Lermontov, and Taras Shevchenko into the Kazakh language.

Recognition and Awards

For his prolific work, Abilev was honored with Soviet government orders, including the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and the Order of Friendship of Peoples, as well as two Orders of the Badge of Honor and the Medal for Labor Valor. In 1987, he was awarded the title of "People's Writer of the Kazakh SSR."

In 2002, Abilev was awarded the Order of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Parasat" by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in recognition of his contributions to the state and significant contributions to the social, economic, and cultural development of the country.

Death and Legacy

Dikhan Abilev passed away in Alma-Ata in 2003 and was buried in the city cemetery. His memory is honored in Kazakhstan, including through literary evenings held in his name. Abilev's works are included in the curriculum of schools in Kazakhstan.