Dy Ueshan

Dy Ueshan

Chinese gangster, one of the leaders of the Green Gang in Shanghai.
Date of Birth: 21.08.1888
Country: China

Biography of Du Yuesheng

Du Yuesheng was a Chinese gangster and one of the leaders of the Green Gang in Shanghai. He joined the Green Gang at a young age and caught the eye of the mistress of the gang's leader, Huang Jin, Miss Qwei, who helped him advance his career. Initially, Du was responsible for overseeing the opium shipments to the warehouses, but then Huang Jin put him in charge of an opium factory in the French Concession of Shanghai. Over time, Du developed connections ranging from Chinese ships to the French consulate. He would lend large sums of money to Europeans and then manipulate them as he pleased.

In 1924, Du became the leader of the Green Gang after the military governor of Shanghai, Lu Yunsan, ordered the arrest of Huang Jin and demanded a ransom for his release. Du paid the required amount for his "teacher," but Huang Jin lost authority in the eyes of his subordinates and had to hand over the reins of power to Du.

Soon, the Big-Eared Du became known as "Jung Shi" or the "Master of the Criminal World." Under Du's leadership, the Green Gang engaged in activities such as running casinos, extortion, and operating brothels. However, the main source of income for the criminal organization was the illegal opium trade, which had been officially banned since 1917.

Big-Eared Du played a significant role in reconciling Chiang Kai-shek and the leaders of the foreign concessions in Shanghai. When the National Revolutionary Army occupied the Chinese part of Shanghai in 1927, there were still thousands of armed Red Guards in the working-class neighborhoods. Du proposed to the foreigners and Chiang Kai-shek to get rid of them and took on the "dirty work." With passes, trucks, and weapons provided by the Chairman of the Municipal Council, Sterling Fessenden, Du's men massacred around 4,000 people in a single night. As a reward for the Shanghai Massacre, Chiang Kai-shek appointed Du as the chairman of the Anti-Opium Bureau, which gave him practically unlimited opportunities in the drug trade. Du helped the nationalist government with finances and, in exchange, gained control over the labor unions. During the war with Japan, Du engaged in speculation on the occupied territory.

After the war, relations between Du and Chiang Kai-shek deteriorated. Corruption and crimes committed by Du's associates, including his relatives, undermined the authority of the Kuomintang. When Chiang Kai-shek's son started a campaign against corruption in Shanghai in the late 1940s, Du's relatives were at the top of the list of those to be arrested. However, Du managed to protect them by threatening Chiang Kai-shek with the exposure of his own family's dark deeds. When the nationalist government was forced to flee to Taiwan in 1949, Du refused to follow and went to Hong Kong instead.