Florian Sivitskiy

Florian Sivitskiy

Polish military officer and statesman
Date of Birth: 10.01.1925
Country: Poland

Content:
  1. Biography of Florian Siwicki
  2. Early Life and Military Career
  3. Political and Military Assignments
  4. Later Career and Retirement

Biography of Florian Siwicki

Florian Siwicki (Polish: Florian Siwicki) was a Polish military and political figure, an army general, and the Minister of National Defense of the Polish People's Republic from November 1983 to July 1990. He was one of the leaders of the martial law regime in Poland from 1981 to 1983.

Early Life and Military Career

Florian Siwicki was born on January 10, 1925, in Lutsk, Poland, into a family of a career officer in the Polish army. During World War II, he found himself in the Soviet Union. In 1943, Siwicki was conscripted into the Red Army and graduated from the Infantry Officer School in Ryazan as a junior lieutenant in the same year. He voluntarily joined the 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division and continued his service in the Polish Armed Forces.

Political and Military Assignments

In 1948, Siwicki joined the Polish United Workers' Party. In 1956, he graduated from the General Staff Academy of the Soviet Armed Forces. From 1961 to 1963, he served as a military, air, and naval attaché at the Embassy of the Polish People's Republic in China. From 1963 to 1968, Siwicki was the Chief of Staff of the Silesian Military District.

In 1968, he became a candidate for membership in the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. From 1968 to 1971, Siwicki served as the Commander of the Silesian Military District. In 1971, he became the First Deputy Chief of the General Staff. In 1973, Siwicki was appointed as the Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces and Deputy Minister of National Defense.

Later Career and Retirement

In 1975, Siwicki was elected as a member of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. Since 1976, he served as a member of the Sejm of the Polish People's Republic. In 1981, Siwicki became a candidate for membership in the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. As the Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces, he was one of the leaders of the martial law regime from 1981 to 1983.

In November 1983, Siwicki replaced Wojciech Jaruzelski as the Minister of National Defense of Poland. Since 1984, he held the rank of Army General. From July 1986 onwards, Siwicki was a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. He visited the Soviet Union on multiple occasions.

In September 1989, Siwicki became one of the four Ministers representing the Polish United Workers' Party in Tadeusz Mazowiecki's cabinet, retaining his position as the Minister of National Defense. In January 1990, due to the dissolution of the party, he ceased to be a party member and resigned from all party positions. Along with other former representatives of the party in the government, Siwicki retired in July 1990.

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