Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz

Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz

Polish cardinal.
Date of Birth: 17.10.1923
Country: Poland

  1. Biography of Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Pastoral Work and Career
  4. Cardinalate
  5. Contributions and Legacy

Biography of Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz

Early Life and Education

Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz was born on October 17, 1923, in Vilnius, which was then part of Poland. He received his education at the seminary in Vilnius and the seminary in Bialystok. He later attended the Catholic University of Lublin, where he obtained a doctorate in moral theology.

Pastoral Work and Career

Gulbinowicz was ordained a priest on June 18, 1950, in the Pro-Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Bialystok. He initially served as a pastor in Bialystok from 1950 to 1951. He continued his studies in Lublin from 1951 to 1955 and then served as a chaplain at the Bialystok Academy from 1956 to 1959. He also held positions as a teacher at the seminary in Warmia and a official in the curia of the diocese in Olsztyn from 1959 to 1970.

On January 12, 1970, Gulbinowicz was appointed the titular bishop of Axi and the apostolic administrator of Bialystok, the Polish territories of the Archdiocese of Vilnius. He was consecrated on February 8, 1970, in the Pro-Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Bialystok by Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, the archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw.

On January 3, 1976, Gulbinowicz was appointed the archbishop of Wroclaw, a position he held until April 3, 2004. During his tenure, he established numerous pastoral centers in the region and founded the bi-weekly journal "Now Zycie" (New Life). He also crowned the statue of the Virgin Mary as the patroness of the famous sanctuary in Wambierzyce, Silesia.


Gulbinowicz was elevated to the rank of cardinal-priest by Pope John Paul II on May 25, 1985. He was assigned the titular church of Immacolata Concezione di Maria a Grottarossa. However, due to his age, Gulbinowicz lost the right to participate in the conclave after his 80th birthday on October 17, 2003.

On April 3, 2004, Pope John Paul II accepted Gulbinowicz's resignation from the position of archbishop of Wroclaw.

Contributions and Legacy

Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz is known for his contributions to moral and dogmatic theology, as well as his work in the formation of the clergy. He has authored several works in these fields and has left a lasting impact on the Catholic Church in Poland.