Hugo Munsterberg

Hugo Munsterberg

German and American psychologist
Date of Birth: 01.07.1863
Country: Germany

Biography of Hugo Münsterberg

Hugo Münsterberg (1863-1916) was a German and American psychologist known for his research on the physiological aspects of mental phenomena. He was born on July 1, 1863 in Danzig (now Gdańsk), Germany. Münsterberg obtained his PhD in Philosophy from Leipzig University in 1885, and his MD degree from Heidelberg University in 1887.

During his time as a professor at the University of Freiburg (1887-1891), Münsterberg began to focus on experimental psychology. This work gained further development when he became the head of the new psychological laboratory at Harvard University in 1892. He emphasized the dynamic aspect of mental phenomena while studying their physiological correlates. Unlike structuralists who associated perception with the excitation of sensory areas of the brain, Münsterberg highlighted the role of motor centers.

After moving to the United States, Münsterberg conducted a wide range of research that laid the foundation for practical psychology, which he referred to as "psychotechnics." Some of his notable works include "Psychology and the Economic Life" (1912), "Fundamentals of Psychotechnics" (1914), and "Psychology: General and Applied" (1915).

Hugo Münsterberg passed away in Cambridge, Massachusetts on December 16, 1916.