Jules Breton

Jules Breton

French artist, genre painter and landscape painter
Date of Birth: 01.05.1827
Country: France

  1. Biography of Jules Breton
  2. Interesting Facts

Biography of Jules Breton

Jules Breton was a French artist, genre and landscape painter, and a representative of realism. He drew inspiration for his paintings from everyday life and the people in it. Most of his works have an idyllic character, depicting the lives of shepherds or peasants in the fields. While his execution is generally realistic, there is a certain idealistic quality to his concept.

One of Breton's notable paintings, "The Gleaners' Return" (1853), predates the Impressionists and deviates from the linear-perspective perception of space. He immerses the scene in twilight, shifting the viewer's perception to an acoustic space, where the focal point is everywhere. To enhance this perception, he includes a crescent moon (which is typically observed in the evening) and a person calling the gleaners with a cry from beneath it. He also directs the characters to move in circular motions, which ultimately brings the perceived space into a circular movement as well.

Breton's daughter, Virginie Demont-Breton, was also an artist, following in her father's footsteps. His brother, Emile Breton (1831-1902), was also a painter.

Notable paintings by Jules Breton include "The Gleaners' Return" (1859), "The Song of the Lark" (1885), and "First Communion" (1886).

Interesting Facts

Vincent van Gogh walked 200 kilometers to visit Breton but never entered his studio because he felt too shy. This episode is mentioned in A. Perrucho's book "Van Gogh" as well as in Irving Stone's book "Lust for Life."