Julian Assange

Julian Assange

Creator of the Internet resource WikiLeaks
Date of Birth: 03.07.1971
Country: Australia

Content:
  1. Biography of Julian Assange
  2. Early Life
  3. Early Career
  4. Creation of WikiLeaks

Biography of Julian Assange

Early Life

Julian Paul Assange was born on July 3, 1971, in the Australian city of Townsville, Queensland. His mother, Christine Ann Hawkins, was a makeup artist and met builder and political activist John Shipton at an anti-war demonstration. They separated before Julian was born, and he only met his biological father when he was 25 years old. Soon after, Christine married Richard Brett Assange, the owner of a traveling theater, and Julian spent his childhood constantly on the move. In 1979, Christine and Richard divorced, and Christine began a relationship with musician Leif Meynell, with whom she had another son. When Christine discovered that Meynell's sect, called "The Family" of the "New Age Church," advocated for the communal raising of children, she left him with her sons. From 1982, Julian, along with his mother and stepbrother, lived in Melbourne.

Julian Assange

Early Career

Even before turning seventeen, Julian Assange married his peer Teresa, and they had a son named Daniel in 1989, who later became a renowned programming specialist. The couple divorced shortly after, and for several years, Daniel was raised by Julian. By this time, Assange was already an accomplished self-taught programmer and a well-known hacker. He co-founded the hacking organization "International Subversives" and successfully breached the websites of organizations like the Pentagon, NASA, Motorola, Panasonic, and others. In 1991, Assange was arrested for illegally accessing the server of the Canadian company "Nortel Networks," but due to the minimal damage caused, he received only a fine. In 1994, Assange enrolled at the University of Queensland but left soon, claiming that the military controlled the educational process. Additionally, he faced an unverified accusation of stealing $500,000 from the City Bank server. From 2003 to 2006, Assange studied at the University of Melbourne but did not complete his degree. Despite this, he became a successful specialist in information technology, developing software for law enforcement agencies, creating the "Rubberhose" secure network system, and working on secure routing problems. Assange documented his hacker and programming experiences in the book "Underground," co-authored with Suelette Dreyfus.

Julian Assange

Creation of WikiLeaks

In 2006, Assange founded the website WikiLeaks, where he referred to himself as a member of the organization's advisory board and its editor-in-chief. The main server of the site was hosted in Sweden, and Assange traveled worldwide in search of informants, guaranteeing them complete anonymity and security. WikiLeaks' first publication was about the execution of government officials by the Islamic Court of Somalia. Subsequently, the site released secret documents related to military actions in Iraq and Afghanistan, including evidence of the killing of civilians, the correspondence of the Thai royal family, and pager messages from high-ranking officials, among other scandalous revelations. Public opinion was divided, with some recognizing Julian Assange's contributions to the global community (he received the Amnesty International Media Award in 2008) and others vehemently protesting, especially governments like the United States. The first attack on WikiLeaks came when leading domain providers denied hosting services, and the website's addresses were blocked in several countries. The site also suffered multiple hacking attempts, and in December 2010, PayPal suspended its account, followed by MasterCard and Visa blocking money transfers. Assange's Swiss bank accounts were frozen based on allegedly false information about his place of residence. However, the most significant blow to the creator of the controversial website came on August 20, 2010, when he was accused of sexual assault and rape by feminist Anna Ardin, who accused Assange of non-disclosure regarding another woman, photographer Sofia Wilén. After providing explanations, the case was closed, then reopened. Learning that an arrest warrant had been issued, Julian Assange traveled to London, where he voluntarily surrendered to the police based on an Interpol order. He was released on bail a week later. The arrest of WikiLeaks' creator caused a global sensation comparable to his leaked materials. Hacker group "Anonymous" launched massive cyber-attacks against websites of officials and organizations involved in the account suspension and Assange's arrest. Assange ranked number 58 on Time magazine's list of the most influential people in 2010 and was voted Person of the Year by readers of The Times. He received the Sydney Peace Foundation's "Courage in Defense of Human Rights" medal in 2011 and the "Courage in Art" award from Yoko Ono in 2013. Meanwhile, the legal process continued, and a decision was made to extradite Assange to Sweden. In May 2012, after his appeal was rejected, Assange sought refuge in the Ecuadorian Embassy and requested political asylum, which had been offered to him by the country's government in 2010. Since then, Julian Assange has not left the embassy's premises. He resides in a small room with minimal amenities, including a treadmill and a tanning lamp. He delivers speeches from the balcony and even participated in a fashion show held at the embassy in June 2014. Assange awaits a court decision that will allow him to leave the embassy. In the meantime, links to download vast amounts of information have been released, with the decryption key only becoming known if any harm befalls a member of the WikiLeaks team.

Julian Assange

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