Klement Gotvald

Klement Gotvald

President of the Czechoslovak Republic
Date of Birth: 23.11.1896
Country: Czech

  1. Biography of Klement Gottwald
  2. Klement Gottwald passed away in Prague on March 14, 1953.

Biography of Klement Gottwald

Klement Gottwald was a prominent political figure in Czechoslovakia. He was born on November 23, 1896, in Dedice, Moravia, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary. At the age of 12, he began his training as a carpenter in Vienna, and four years later, he joined the ranks of the socialist youth movement.

During the First World War, Gottwald served in the artillery units of the Austro-Hungarian army and was wounded. He later served in Italy and Bessarabia before deserting and surrendering to the Russians towards the end of the war. After the formation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, he became involved in the left-wing of the Social Democratic Party.

In 1921, Gottwald's group joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC), and he became the editor of the Slovak party newspaper, "Voice of the People," and later the newspaper "Truth." He became a member of the Central Committee (CC) and the Politburo of the CPC in 1925 and the General Secretary of the CC in 1927. In 1929, he became a member of the Parliament of Czechoslovakia and actively participated in the activities of the Comintern.

In 1938, following the Nazi partition of Czechoslovakia, Gottwald emigrated to the Soviet Union and remained there during the Second World War. He established radio communication with underground groups in Czechoslovakia. When Edvard Benes, the head of the Czechoslovak exiled government, arrived in Moscow in 1943, he frequently met and held discussions with Gottwald. Gottwald became a deputy chairman of the government in the Košice National Front government. In 1946, he was elected Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and subsequently led the coalition cabinet in the June 1946 elections. When the cabinet was dissolved in 1948 and Benes resigned, Gottwald formed a new government. On June 14, 1948, he was elected President of the Czechoslovak Republic.

Klement Gottwald passed away in Prague on March 14, 1953.