Louise Auguste

Louise Auguste

Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Date of Birth: 30.01.1757
Country: Germany

  1. The Marriage Proposal
  2. Life in Weimar
  3. Courage in the Face of Napoleon
  4. Legacy
  5. Grand Duchess Louise Augusta passed away on February 14, 1830.

Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt and Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Louise Augusta

Princess Louise Augusta was born on January 30, 1757, in a large family of Landgrave Louis IX and his first wife Caroline Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. Like her sisters, Louise was educated by her mother, who was considered a highly educated woman in Europe. She had friendships with Goethe and other famous individuals.

The Marriage Proposal

In 1772, Empress Catherine II of Russia began searching for a bride for her son, Grand Duke Paul Petrovich. The Hessian princesses were among the chosen candidates. On June 15, 1773, Paul met with three princesses: Amalia, Wilhelmina, and Louise. The grand duke's choice fell upon the middle sister, Wilhelmina, who converted to Orthodoxy and became Grand Duchess Natalia Alexeyevna. On June 27, 1773, Landgravine Caroline and her three daughters were awarded the Order of St. Catherine. As they departed from St. Petersburg, they were given a substantial sum of money as a gift. Thanks to the generosity of Catherine, the princesses' dowries were secured. Shortly after, a suitable groom was found for Louise Augusta, and she married Duke Charles Augustus of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Life in Weimar

Louise Augusta entered the bohemian atmosphere of the Weimar court, which was known as the "German Athens." The couple had seven children together.

Courage in the Face of Napoleon

In October 1806, Napoleon's French army invaded Saxony, bringing with them plunder and violence. During this time, Duchess Louise remained in Weimar. She provided shelter for women, children, and the elderly in her palace. The duchess sent provisions from her own supplies to those in need and personally visited homes to comfort the residents. On October 15, 1806, Napoleon arrived in Weimar, and a meeting between the emperor and Duchess Louise took place. She knew that Napoleon would not spare the small principality, considering its ruler was among his opponents. However, her calm dignity when encountering Napoleon, who was accustomed to the obedience of defeated rulers, disarmed him. Recognizing her superiority, Napoleon chose not to pursue Charles Augustus and spared the small country. In this way, the fragile duchess not only saved her possessions but also set an example of noble behavior for other German princes.


Grand Duchess Louise Augusta passed away on February 14, 1830.