Mari Kenig

Mari Kenig

French military leader, Marshal of France (1984, posthumous)
Date of Birth: 10.10.1898
Country: France

Content:
  1. Marshal France, French Military Commander
  2. Early Life and Military Career
  3. Role in Free France
  4. Contribution to the Allied War Effort
  5. Commander of Internal French Forces
  6. Later Career and Political Involvement

Marshal France, French Military Commander

Marie Kenig was a French military commander and Marshal of France. He was posthumously awarded the title of Marshal of France in 1984. Kenig was also a member of the Institute of France, having been elected in 1951.

Early Life and Military Career

Kenig joined the army in 1918 as a sub-lieutenant. In the 1930s, he served in the colonial troops in Morocco. He participated in the Norwegian campaign in 1940 and fought in Northern France. During the evacuation of Dunkirk, Kenig escaped with the British army to England, where he joined Charles de Gaulle.

Role in Free France

In 1940, Kenig was appointed as the commander of the forces in Cameroon, whose administration declared its support for the movement led by General de Gaulle. In 1941, he became the chief of staff of the 1st Division of Free France in Syria. Kenig later commanded the 1st Brigade of Free France in Egypt and then the 1st Division of Free France in North Africa. He gained fame for his actions in June 1941 during the defense of Bir Hakeim, where he held the fort against superior enemy forces for several days and managed to withdraw his troops to avoid capture.

Contribution to the Allied War Effort

From 1943 to 1944, Kenig served as the deputy chief of the General Staff of the French forces fighting alongside the Allies. He also worked as a French liaison officer at the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Forces. Kenig participated in the Allied invasion of Normandy.

Commander of Internal French Forces

In 1944, Kenig was appointed as the commander of the Internal French Forces (Forces Francaises de l'Interieur), leading operations to subdue resistance groups loyal to de Gaulle. He became the overall commander of the Free French forces in the United Kingdom in April 1944. After the liberation of Paris by the French forces, Kenig was appointed as the military governor of the city on August 21, 1944.

Later Career and Political Involvement

Following the end of World War II, Kenig served as the commander of the French occupation forces in Germany and along the Rhine from 1945 to 1949. He then became the inspector general of the French army in North Africa from 1949 to 1950. In 1950, Kenig was appointed as the vice-president of the Supreme Military Council. He was elected as a member of the National Assembly in 1951.

In June to August 1954 and February to October 1955, Kenig served as the Minister of National Defense and Armed Forces in France. His contributions to the military and his dedication to the defense of France made him a highly respected figure in French history.

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