Max Gybergric

Max Gybergric

Russian and Ukrainian Soviet medical scientist
Date of Birth: 10.01.1886
Country: Ukraine

Biography of Max Gubergritz

Max Manusovich Gubergritz was a Russian and Ukrainian Soviet scientist and physician specializing in internal medicine. He was born into the family of doctor Moisey Manusovich Gubergritz, who soon relocated the family to Derpt (Yuryev). Max attended the medical faculty of Yuryev University and transferred to the medical department of Kiev University in 1905, where he graduated in 1911. He worked at the therapeutic clinic of V.P. Obraztsov and at the department led by him from 1911 to 1914.

In 1915, Max was sent on an internship to I.P. Pavlov's laboratory. The research conducted in the laboratory formed the basis of the collaborative work of Gubergritz and Pavlov titled "Reflex of Freedom" in 1915. Their joint report, "Reflex of Freedom," presented in May 1917 at the Petrograd Biological Society, was also published the following year in the Russian Doctor journal. In 1923, their collaborative article, "Reflex of Freedom," was included as the XXVIII chapter in Pavlov's comprehensive monograph, "Twenty Years of Objective Study of Higher Nervous Activity (Behavior) of Animals."

In 1917, Max defended his doctoral dissertation at the Military Medical Academy in Petrograd and became an associate professor at the Department of Private Pathology and Therapy in Kiev. From 1920, he served as the head of the Department of Private Pathology and Therapy and from 1928 until the end of his life, he established the Department of Propaedeutics of Internal Diseases at Kiev Medical Institute. Simultaneously, he led the Clinical Department of the Institute of Nutrition (1930-1941) and the Institute of Endocrinology (1932-1934) of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. Since 1945, he was the scientific director of the Institute of Nutrition under the Ministry of Health of the Ukrainian SSR.

Max's scientific works mainly focused on the normal physiology and pathophysiology of the circulatory and digestive systems, as well as nociception. He was involved in the development of diagnostic methodology, including auscultation of heart sounds, pancreatic function, particularly the symptomatology of pancreatitis and appendicitis, therapeutic nutrition, pathogenesis of gastric ulcers, cardiovascular diseases, endocrine disorders, and more. He authored books such as "Clinical Diagnostics" (Kyiv, 1939; expanded edition - Kyiv-Kharkiv, 1947) and "Selected Works" (posthumously, Kyiv, 1959).

During the Great Patriotic War, Max worked in evacuation hospitals in Tomsk and Chelyabinsk, studying emergency interventions for penetrating chest injuries. He served as the Deputy Chairman of the Board of the All-Union and Ukrainian Therapeutic Societies and was honored as a Distinguished Scientist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1935. He was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor and the Order of the Red Star.

Max Gubergritz's cousin, Alexander Yakovlevich Gubergritz (1912-1990), was a prominent Ukrainian Soviet therapist and professor. His granddaughter, Natalia Borisovna Gubergritz, is a Ukrainian gastroenterologist and the head of the Department of Internal Diseases at Donetsk Medical Institute.

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