Nikolay Strazhesko

Nikolay Strazhesko

Ukrainian Soviet therapist, organizer of science. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR
Date of Birth: 29.12.1876
Country: Ukraine

  1. Biography of Nikolai Strazhesko
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Professional Career

Biography of Nikolai Strazhesko

Nikolai Dmitrievich Strazhesko was a Ukrainian Soviet therapist and science organizer. He was an academician of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, as well as a member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. He was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor in 1947.

Nikolay Strazhesko

Early Life and Education

Nikolai Strazhesko was born on December 29, 1876, in Odessa, Ukraine. His father, Dmitry Yegorovich Strazhesko, was the son of Georgy Apostolovich Strazhesko from the village of Verejeny, Orgeyevsky district (now in the Teleneshtsky district of Moldova). Dmitry graduated from a gymnasium in Kishinev in 1858 and studied at the law faculty of Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa. He worked as a magistrate and later became the director of the administration of the district bank in Kherson after 1900. Nikolai's mother was involved in charitable activities.

After completing his gymnasium education in Odessa, Nikolai Strazhesko enrolled in the medical faculty of Kiev University in 1894, which he graduated from in 1899 with honors. He was appointed to work at the department of pathology and special therapy. Simultaneously, he worked as an intern in the therapeutic department of Kiev City Hospital under the guidance of Professor V.P. Obraztsov. In 1901, he was sent to France to study the technique of obtaining electrocardiograms with Professor Paten, and to Berlin, to the clinics of Professors Leiden and Senator. In 1902, he passed his doctoral exams and was sent to the Military Medical Academy and the Institute of Experimental Medicine in St. Petersburg to work with Professor Pavlov. He worked there for 2 years in the field of digestive physiology and in the departments of biochemistry, pharmacology, pathological anatomy, and in the bacteriological laboratory. In the fall of 1904, he defended his doctoral dissertation in medicine on the physiology of the intestines.

Professional Career

After returning to Kiev, Nikolai Strazhesko worked as a senior resident in the clinic of the therapeutic faculty, under the guidance of Professor V.P. Obraztsov. From 1907 to 1919, he was a professor at the Kiev Women's Medical Institute. At the same time, from 1908 to 1919, he was an associate professor at Kiev University, and from 1917 to 1919, he was the head of the therapeutic department at Kiev City Hospital. From 1919 to 1922, he was the head of the department at Novorossiysk University, and from 1922 onward, at Kiev Medical Institute. He also led the clinical department of the Institute of Experimental Biology and Pathology, and from 1934 onward, at the Institute of Clinical Physiology of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. From 1936, he was the director of the Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, which he founded.

During the Great Patriotic War, Strazhesko served as a consultant to evacuation hospitals and led research at the Central Hospital of the Soviet Army. He studied the problem of sepsis in wounds and developed new means to combat it. He authored over 100 scientific works on various aspects of clinical medicine. His published article, "Symptomatology and Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Thrombosis" (1910), written in collaboration with V.P. Obraztsov, provided a detailed description of different clinical forms of myocardial infarction and identified its main pathogenetic link, earning him international recognition.

Strazhesko paid special attention to the clinical and experimental study of cardiovascular pathology. He developed the concept of functional circulatory insufficiency and, together with V. Vasilenko, created a classification of circulatory insufficiency.