Richard Stalmann

Richard Stalmann

Soviet intelligence officer.
Date of Birth: 15.10.1891
Country: Germany

Biography of Richard Stalmann

Richard Stalmann was a Soviet intelligence officer and a prominent figure in the communist movement. He was born into a poor family in Königsberg and after completing elementary school, he joined the organization Socialist Youth. From 1905 to 1910, Stalmann worked as a carpenter before embarking on a journey to various countries.

When World War I broke out, Stalmann served in the German army and participated in battles on different fronts from 1914 to 1917. He was captured by British soldiers in 1917 but was released in 1918. Upon his return to Germany, Stalmann joined the Communist Party and resumed work as a carpenter in Königsberg. He actively engaged in party and trade union activities and was involved in the battles in the Ruhr region and the workers' uprising in Central Germany.

In 1923-1924, Stalmann led the party's military apparatus in East Prussia during the German uprising and worked in the military apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party in Berlin. He then emigrated to the Soviet Union, where he obtained Soviet citizenship and underwent training at the Military-Political School of the Comintern from 1924 to 1925.

Stalmann worked clandestinely for the military apparatus of the Orgburo and the Intelligence Directorate of the Red Army Headquarters. He traveled to China, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands, France, and Britain. Returning to Moscow, he taught at the International Lenin School and later became an assistant to Georgi Dimitrov, focusing on Balkan affairs. Stalmann also edited the journal of the British Communist Federation.

With the rise of the Nazis to power, Stalmann worked in Vienna and Paris before returning to Moscow for a few months. He was then sent to the Iberian Peninsula, where he commanded a partisan unit that later became part of the 14th Partisan Corps of the Republican Army in Spain.

From Madrid, Stalmann traveled to Paris via Moscow, where he spent around two years working on Balkan affairs at the Comintern. In 1940, he was transferred to Stockholm and became a member of the Foreign Bureau of the Communist Party of Germany. In this role, Stalmann organized resistance movements in Germany under the pseudonym "Kale" together with Herbert Werner and Karl Mefis. After their arrest by the Swedish police in 1942, Stalmann returned to the Soviet Union.

He served in the German department of the GRU of the Red Army, working as an instructor among German prisoners of war. In 1946, Stalmann returned to Germany and joined the party leadership in the city of Mecklenburg, where he established the police and counterintelligence operations. He held various positions within the party, including being the head of the Foreign Department of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party from 1946 to 1951, responsible for illegal connections with communist organizations in West Germany.

From 1951, Stalmann worked as a senior employee of the Foreign Intelligence Directorate of the GDR, where he led the operational-technical service and the control-instruction group. Later, he became the head of special and training departments in the Personnel and Training Administration of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of State Security in the GDR.

Stalmann retired in 1960 and received the Order "For Services to the Fatherland" and the Order of the Banner of Labor.