Robert Eychelberger

Robert Eychelberger

US Army General.
Country: USA

Biography of Robert Eichelberger

Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (1886-1961) was a United States Army general. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1909 and received further training at the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in 1925, as well as the Army War College. He began his service in the 10th Infantry Regiment at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana, and participated in the Mexican and Panamanian Expeditions.

At the end of World War I, Eichelberger served on the staff of the 8th Division. From 1918 to 1920, he was part of the American expeditionary forces in Siberia. In January 1942, he assumed command of the 77th Division, which was later deployed to Australia in August. From August 1942 to August 1944, he commanded the I Corps. In January 1943, he achieved a small victory at Buna in Papua New Guinea.

From September 1944, Eichelberger commanded the 8th Army, which participated in the landing on the Philippines. Approximately 50,000 Japanese soldiers were captured on Northern Luzon. Eichelberger was present during the signing of the Instrument of Surrender of Japan aboard the USS Missouri. From 1945 to 1948, he commanded the Allied Occupation Forces in Japan.

Eichelberger retired on December 31, 1948. However, in 1950, during the Korean War, he was appointed as an advisor to the Deputy Secretary of Defense. He passed away on September 26, 1961, and was buried with military honors at Arlington National Cemetery.