Sergey Tulenin

Sergey Tulenin

Member of the "Young Guard"
Date of Birth: 12.08.1925
Country: Russia

Biography of Sergey Tyulenyin

Sergey Tyulenyin, a participant of the "Young Guards" organization, fought against the fascists from the first days of the occupation. He distributed leaflets and became a member of the organization's headquarters. Sergey Tyulenyin was born on August 12, 1925, in the village of Kiselevo, Novosilsky district of the Oryol region. In 1926, the Tyulenyin family moved to Krasnodon, where Sergey's father started working in a mine. The family consisted of twelve people, including Sergey, who was the youngest. He attended School No. 1 named after A. M. Gorky and later continued his education at the school named after K. E. Voroshilov (now named after Sergey Tyulenyin).

Together with his schoolmates Viktor Tretiakevich, Lyuba Shevtsova, and others, Sergey participated in amateur activities at the A. M. Gorky club. The group performed in various venues such as field camps, mining towns, and clubs. After completing seven classes, Sergey attempted to enroll in a flight school in Voroshilovgrad, where Gastello, a graduate of the school, was a pilot. However, he did not pass due to age restrictions. Sergey's school friend, Nikolay Kambulov, who later became a pilot, recalled how they ran together at the airfield, ate from the same pot as the pilots, and admired the aviators, dreaming of becoming like Chkalov.

Sergey's mother, Alexandra Vasilyevna, mentioned that her son worked at Mine No. 1-bis at the beginning of the war and later participated in building defensive lines, collecting weapons even then. From the first days of the occupation, Sergey Tyulenyin fought against the fascists with a group of boys and distributed leaflets. He became a member of the headquarters of the organization, which was named "Young Guards" at his suggestion. In the ranks of the underground organization, Sergey Tyulenyin became a member of the Komsomol.

The "Young Guards" headquarters assigned a series of combat tasks to Sergey's group, which they successfully completed. Sergey and his brave comrades scattered cattle near Shevyrevka and attacked an enemy convoy. On the night of November 6-7, 1942, Sergey Tyulenyin and his fellow fighters raised a flag on School No. 4 named after K. E. Voroshilov. On the night of December 5, Sergey Tyulenyin, Lyubov Shevtsova, and Viktor Lukyanchenko set fire to the labor exchange. In December 1942, Sergey's group became the core of the stringed circle of the A. M. Gorky club. Here, Sergey reunited with his schoolmates Lyuba Shevtsova and Viktor Tretiakevich, who led the circle. Working at the club freed young people from forced labor in Germany.

In January 1943, Sergey crossed the front line. During the battles in the Kamensko-Krasnodonsk direction, the underground fighter was captured and managed to escape execution despite being wounded in the hand. On January 25, he returned to Krasnodon. Two days later, he was arrested by the police based on a traitor's report. According to the testimony of former police investigator Chernikov, "he was disfigured beyond recognition, his face covered in bruises and swollen, blood oozing from open wounds. Three Germans then entered, followed by Burgardt (the interpreter - A.G.), summoned by Solikovsky. One of the Germans asked Solikovsky who the person was that had been beaten so badly. Solikovsky explained. The German, like an enraged tiger, knocked Sergey to the ground with a punch and began tormenting his body with his German-made boots. He inflicted powerful blows to his stomach, back, and face, trampled and tore his clothes apart together with his body. At the beginning of this terrible execution, Tyulenyin showed signs of life, but soon fell silent, and his lifeless body was dragged out of the office. The defenseless young man's gruesome beating was witnessed by Usachev." The extraordinary resilience, fearlessness, and endurance of Tyulenyin infuriated the Nazis and left them feeling powerless and confused. Former chief of the Krasnodon gendarmerie post, Otto Shen, admitted during the investigation that "Tyulenyin conducted himself with dignity during the interrogation, and we were amazed at how a young man could develop such strong willpower. Apparently, his contempt for death instilled character strength in him. During the torture, he didn't utter a word about mercy or reveal any of the Young Guards' identities." On January 31, the seventeen-year-old participant of the "Young Guards," Sergey Tyulenyin, was thrown into a mine shaft at Mine No. 5 by the Nazis. He was buried in a mass grave of heroes on the central square of Krasnodon.

By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated September 13, 1943, Sergey Gavrilovich Tyulenyin, a member of the headquarters of the underground Komsomol organization "Young Guards," was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.