Stas Shurins

Stas Shurins

Italian lawyer and writer
Date of Birth: 27.05.1817
Country: Italy

  1. Biography of Giuseppe Bardari
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Libretto for 'Maria Stuarda' and Legal Career
  4. Political Activities and Later Life
  5. Manifesto and Political Career
  6. Death and Legacy

Biography of Giuseppe Bardari

Giuseppe Bardari, an Italian lawyer and writer, is primarily known for his involvement in the legal field and for writing the libretto for Donizetti's opera, 'Maria Stuarda,' in 1835. He also played a significant role in the judicial system of Naples during the years preceding the unification of Italy.

Early Life and Education

Giuseppe Bardari was born on May 27, 1817, in the Italian commune of Pizzo. He studied in Monteleone, which is now known as Vibo Valentia, before he went to Naples to study law. During his student years in Naples, he wrote poetry and frequented literary salons, where he formed connections with liberals from the national liberation movement, Risorgimento. Bardari gained a reputation as a promising literary figure.

Libretto for 'Maria Stuarda' and Legal Career

At the age of seventeen, Bardari was hired by Donizetti to create the libretto for the opera 'Maria Stuarda.' However, after this project, Bardari ceased his involvement in similar endeavors. It is speculated that he faced censorship that had befallen Italy, leading to the ban of his work in Naples. This compelled the writer to fully shift his focus towards a legal career. He returned to his studies and eventually became a judge in Monteleone.

Political Activities and Later Life

However, Bardari lost his position in 1848 due to his anti-government activities during the uprising in Calabria. He returned to private practice as a lawyer and became a close friend of the politician Liborio Romano, an important figure in Risorgimento. Towards the end of the Bourbon dynasty's rule in southern Italy, Bardari reentered public life and became the chief of the city police and prefect in Naples.

Manifesto and Political Career

On September 6, 1860, Bardari published a manifesto proclaiming the end of Francis II's rule and his court, which was overthrown by Italian general Garibaldi with the strong support of a nationwide uprising. In his manifesto, Bardari reminded citizens of their responsibilities during this period of change and called for maintaining calm and supporting the new government. After Naples finally came under Garibaldi's control on September 7, 1860, Bardari was appointed as an advisor to the Court of Finance or the Gran Corte dei Conti of Naples. He was also appointed as the chairperson of the commission overseeing the assets of the former Jesuit order in the territory that included the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Death and Legacy

At the age of 44, Bardari was on the crest of a promising political career that unfortunately came to an end with his death on September 22, 1861.