Albert Wood

Albert Wood

American inventor and engineer
Date of Birth: 01.12.1879
Country: USA

  1. Biography of Albert Baldwin Wood
  2. Inventions and Contributions
  3. Legacy and Personal Life

Biography of Albert Baldwin Wood

Albert Baldwin Wood, an American inventor and engineer, was born on December 1, 1879. In 1899, he graduated with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Tulane University. That same year, Wood was hired by the Sewerage & Water Board of New Orleans to improve the city's drainage system, which was prone to flooding.

Inventions and Contributions

Wood invented several hydraulic devices for the city, including highly efficient pumps. In 1913 and 1915, he patented the "Wood Screw Pump" and "Wood Trash Pump." Many of the pumps he created are still in use in New Orleans today, some of which have been in operation for over 80 years without the need for repairs. The city continues to build new pumps based on Wood's designs.

Wood also led the reclamation and development of the surrounding swamps of New Orleans, resulting in the construction of new neighborhoods in the city. Although he spent most of his life and career in New Orleans, Wood provided consultation and designed drainage, pumping, and sewage systems for other cities as well, including Chicago, Milwaukee, Baltimore, and San Francisco. He also worked on projects in Canada, Egypt, China, and India.

Wood's work was particularly valuable for the Zuiderzee Works project in the Netherlands, a colossal system of dams, land reclamation, and drainage in the Zuider Zee. His pumps were crucial for the success of this project.

Legacy and Personal Life

Wood passed away on May 10, 1956, leaving a bequest to Tulane University. According to his will, the university would take care of preserving and exhibiting his yacht, named "Nydia," for 99 years. Until 2003, the yacht was displayed in a specially built glass pavilion between the university center and the Fogelman Arena sports center. However, the yacht had to be relocated to make room for the university center's renovation and expansion.

As Tulane University did not fully comply with the terms of the bequest, the legal ownership of the yacht transferred to Wood's heirs. Currently, the "Nydia" is exhibited at the Biloxi Maritime and Seafood Industry Museum in Biloxi, Mississippi, near the location where the yacht was originally built at Johnson Shipyard.