Antonio Caldara

Antonio Caldara

Italian composer.
Country: Italy

Biography of Antonio Caldara

Antonio Caldara, an Italian composer, was born into a family of violinists, with his father being his first mentor. He later studied under Giovanni Legrenzi and sang in the choir of St. Mark's Cathedral, while also playing the cello in the cathedral's chapel. Caldara gained wide recognition for his operas at the turn of the century, which soon reached Vienna, where the composer first visited in 1709. He worked in Barcelona, Bologna, and Rome, where he met Alessandro Scarlatti, Arcangelo Corelli, and G.F. Handel. In 1714, he was invited to Mantua as the Kapellmeister.

From 1716 until the end of his life, Caldara lived and worked in Vienna, where he was appointed as the vice-Kapellmeister of the Court Chapel under J.J. Fux. He also engaged in teaching activities, with one of his notable students being Georg Reutter the Younger. Caldara had a significant influence on G.F. Telemann and J.S. Bach.

Known as one of the most prolific composers in the history of music, Antonio Caldara composed around 3500 works. He wrote 69 operas, including those based on librettos by Pietro Metastasio, numerous sacred compositions such as motets, masses, hymns, and trio sonatas. He is also the author of numerous oratorios and cantatas. His most famous oratorios include "Maddalena ai piedi di Cristo" (Maddalena at the Feet of Christ, c. 1700) and "La Passione di Gesu Cristo Signor Nostro" (The Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ, 1730), both set to librettos by Metastasio, among others.