Archibald Geikie

Archibald Geikie

Scottish geologist
Date of Birth: 28.12.1835
Country: Great Britain

  1. Biography of Archibald Geikie
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Academic Career
  4. Directorship and Achievements
  5. Awards and Honors
  6. Later Life and Legacy

Biography of Archibald Geikie

Archibald Geikie was a Scottish geologist and a member of the Royal Society of London, serving as its president from 1908 to 1913. He was also an honorary foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences from 1908. Born on December 28, 1835, in Edinburgh, Geikie became a prominent figure in the field of geology.

Early Life and Education

Archibald Geikie was born on December 28, 1835, in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland. He developed an interest in geology from a young age and pursued his education in the field. He attended the University of Edinburgh and graduated with a degree in geology.

Academic Career

After completing his studies, Geikie began his academic career as a professor of geology at his alma mater, the University of Edinburgh, from 1871 to 1882. During this time, he made significant contributions to the field of geology and gained recognition for his research and expertise.

Directorship and Achievements

In 1882, Geikie was appointed as the director of the Geological Museum in London and the director-general of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. He held these prestigious positions until his retirement. During his tenure, he led various geological surveys and conducted extensive research, contributing to the understanding of the geological history of Britain.

Awards and Honors

Throughout his career, Archibald Geikie received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to the field of geology. He was awarded the Murchison Medal in 1881 and the Royal Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1896. In recognition of his achievements, he was knighted in 1891. Geikie was also honored with the Order of the Bath in 1907 and the Order of Merit in 1914.

Later Life and Legacy

Archibald Geikie passed away on November 10, 1924, near Hazelbrook. His contributions to geology continue to be highly regarded, and his research and writings have had a lasting impact on the field. Geikie's work has been instrumental in advancing the understanding of the geological processes and history of Great Britain and beyond.