Arturas Paulauskas

Arturas Paulauskas

Lithuanian lawyer, politician
Date of Birth: 23.08.1953
Country: Lithuania

Biography of Arturas Paulauskas

Arturas Paulauskas is a Lithuanian lawyer and politician who served as the Chairman of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania from 2000 to 2004 and again from November 15, 2004, to April 11, 2006. He completed his secondary education in Siauliai in 1971 and went on to study at the Faculty of Law at Vilnius University, graduating in 1976 with a law degree.

Paulauskas began his career as an investigator from 1976 to 1979 and later served as a deputy prosecutor in Kaunas and as a prosecutor in Varena from 1979 to 1987. In 1987, he was appointed as the Deputy Prosecutor General of Lithuania. During the years 1990 to 1995, he held the position of Prosecutor General of the Republic of Lithuania. Despite being appointed by the authorities of Lithuania, which declared independence on March 11, 1990, Paulauskas was not recognized by the Soviet authorities, who considered Petruskas as the Prosecutor General of the Lithuanian SSR.

From 1995 to 1997, Paulauskas served as the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Republic of Lithuania. He then pursued a career in private legal practice from 1997 to 2000. In 1997, he ran for the presidency of Lithuania, gaining a significant number of votes. With the support of Algirdas Brazauskas, he narrowly lost to Valdas Adamkus in the second round by a fraction of a percent, with Adamkus receiving 50.4% of the votes.

Paulauskas was one of the founders of the New Union (Social Liberals) party. He was elected as its chairman at the founding congress on April 25, 1998. The party won the parliamentary elections in 2000, and on October 19, Paulauskas was elected as the Chairman of the Seimas.

In 2002, Paulauskas participated in the presidential elections. From April 6, 2004, to July 12, 2004, he served as the acting President of Lithuania following the removal of Rolandas Paksas and before the inauguration of re-elected Valdas Adamkus.

On November 15, 2004, Paulauskas resumed his role as the Chairman of the Seimas. However, on April 11, 2006, he was removed from office by a majority vote of the parliament (94 in favor, 11 against) after widely publicized scandals involving misuse of official vehicles and involvement of technical staff in unauthorized activities within the Chancellery of the Seimas.

Paulauskas' removal from office led to the withdrawal of the Social Liberal party from the four-party ruling coalition, resulting in reshuffles within the government.