Carlos Calvo

Carlos Calvo

Argentine historian and diplomat.
Date of Birth: 26.02.1824
Country: Argentina

Biography of Carlos Calvo

Carlos Calvo was an Argentine historian and diplomat. He was born on February 26, 1824, in Buenos Aires. Known primarily as the author of the doctrine that bears his name, according to which foreign citizens should file lawsuits in local courts rather than in the diplomatic representations of their states. According to this doctrine, the government is not responsible for the losses suffered by foreigners as a result of internal disorders and civil wars.

Calvo's doctrine, proposed in 1868, further developed into the "Drago Doctrine" in 1902, which sought to exclude the use of armed intervention by any state to compel a debtor state to compensate for losses or pay debts owed to the subjects of that state.

Calvo served as an ambassador to Germany, the United Kingdom, and France. In 1884, he participated in the founding of the Institute of International Law. He became a distinguished authority in the field of international law after the publication of his seminal work, "The Theory and Practice of International Law in Europe and America" (Derecho internacional te rico y pr ctico de Europa y America, 1863). Another monumental work by Calvo is a 15-volume collection of Latin American diplomatic documents, published from 1862 to 1867.

During the period from 1864 to 1875, he published the five-volume "Historical Annals of the Latin American War of Independence" (Annales historiques de la r volution de l'Am rique latine). Carlos Calvo passed away on May 4, 1906, in Paris.