Edmund Husserl

Edmund Husserl

German philosopher, founder of phenomenology
Date of Birth: 08.04.1859
Country: Germany

Edmund Husserl: The Founder of Phenomenology

Edmund Husserl was a German philosopher and the founder of phenomenology. Born on April 8, 1859, in Prostějov, Moravia, he was influenced by the works of philosophers such as Franz Brentano, Carl Stumpf, Bernard Bolzano, and neokantianism. Husserl aimed to transform philosophy into a "rigorous science" through the phenomenological method, as explored in his two-volume work "Logical Investigations".

Throughout his career, Husserl continuously modified his philosophy in search of solid foundations. In his later years, he turned to the idea of the "life-world" and aligned himself with the philosophy of life. This transition towards an historical interpretation of absolute experience is evident in one of his final works, "The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology" (1954).

Husserl's ideas had a significant influence on existentialism and philosophical anthropology. Among his notable students were Max Scheler, Nicolai Hartmann, and Martin Heidegger. His phenomenology served as a foundational source for the development of existentialism and philosophical hermeneutics.

Edmund Husserl passed away on April 26, 1938, in Freiburg. His contributions to philosophy continue to shape the field, particularly in the areas of phenomenology, existentialism, and the interpretation of human experience.