Eduar Herriot

Eduar Herriot

Leader of the French Radical Party, who became prime minister three times. Under him, diplomatic relations were established between France and the USSR (1924) and a non-aggression pact was signed (1932).
Date of Birth: 05.07.1872
Country: France

  1. Biography of Édouard Herriot
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Political Career
  4. Later Years and Contributions

Biography of Édouard Herriot

Édouard Herriot was a French politician and leader of the Radical Party. He served as the Prime Minister of France on three separate occasions.

Eduar Herriot

Early Life and Education

Herriot received his education at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand and the École Normale Supérieure. He spent ten years working as a teacher and completed his doctoral dissertation titled "Madame de Récamier and Her Friends" in 1904.

Political Career

In 1904, Herriot became a member of the Lyon municipal council and in 1905, he was elected as the mayor of Lyon. In 1912, he was elected to the Senate. During World War I, Herriot served as the Minister of Public Works in the cabinet of Alexandre Ribot.

After the war, in the 1919 elections, Herriot was elected to the Chamber of Deputies representing the Radical Party. He remained the leader of the party, except for the periods of 1927-1931 and 1935-1937, until his departure from it in October 1956. In 1924, following the victory of the Left Bloc in the elections, Herriot formed a government and was also elected as the President of the Chamber of Deputies. He served as the Prime Minister of France for a third and final time from June 4 to December 18, 1932.

Later Years and Contributions

Herriot was a supporter of the Lausanne Agreement, which resolved the ongoing reparation dispute that had started in 1918. However, he faced difficulties in resolving the issue of France's debt to the United States, which he continued to insist on even after his visit to Washington in April 1933. He served as a state minister in the cabinets of Gaston Doumergue, Pierre Laval, and Pierre-Étienne Flandin from February 9, 1934, to June 24, 1936. In June 1936, he was re-elected as the President of the Chamber of Deputies.

During World War II, Herriot moved into opposition against the government of Philippe Pétain. In September 1942, he was accused of subversive activities, arrested, and deported to Germany. He was liberated by Soviet forces on April 22, 1945, and returned to his duties as the mayor of Lyon. Herriot testified as a witness in the trial of Pétain. In January 1947, he returned to the National Assembly as a deputy and served as the President of the Assembly from 1947 to 1954.

In his last major speech delivered in parliament in 1954, Herriot advocated for improving relations with the Soviet Union and against the rearmament of Germany. On October 14, 1956, in the struggle for leadership within the party, he supported the candidacy of Pierre Mendès-France. Herriot was also an author, writing books such as "The Life of Beethoven" (1930), a biography of Philo of Alexandria, memoirs of his trips to Russia and America, and political memoirs.