Edyard Gyrvits

Edyard Gyrvits

Statesman and politician of Ukraine, mayor of Odessa
Date of Birth: 30.01.1948
Country: Ukraine

Biography of Eduard Hurwitz

Eduard Hurwitz is a Ukrainian state and political figure, as well as the mayor of Odessa. He served as mayor from 1994 to 1998 and has been reelected in 2005. In addition, he has been elected as a member of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (the Ukrainian Parliament) in 1998 (representing the People's Movement of Ukraine) and in 2002 (representing the bloc "Our Ukraine").

Edyard Gyrvits

Hurwitz was born into the family of Maria Naumovna Bernshteyn (1919-1994) and Iosif Ilyich Hurwitz (1913-1957). He began his career in 1966 while still a student, working as a laborer, loader, and master in construction. In 1971, he graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Engineering and Construction with a degree in "Communications Engineer." From 1971 to 1972, he served in the strategic missile forces. From 1977 to 1987, Hurwitz worked in various construction organizations in Odessa, holding positions such as foreman, senior foreman, and head of a combined section. In May 1990, he created the experimental creative studio-cooperative "Ekopolis." In May 1990, he was elected chairman of the Zhovtnevy district council of Odessa.

Edyard Gyrvits

In April 1994, Hurwitz was elected as a member of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine representing the People's Movement of Ukraine. In July 1994, he was elected mayor of Odessa, receiving 204 thousand votes compared to his closest competitor, A.A. Kostusev, who received 202 thousand votes. The losing side claimed mass falsification during the elections in the Zhovtnevy district of Odessa and filed a lawsuit, but lost.

In March 1998, Hurwitz was reelected as mayor of Odessa with a margin of 70 thousand votes. However, the results of the election were declared invalid by the Kirovograd Regional Court due to direct intervention by the central executive power and President L.D. Kuchma. Hurwitz was not allowed to run in the repeat elections. In the same election, he was elected as a member of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine representing the Suvorovsky electoral district of Odessa. In 2002, Hurwitz ran for the position of mayor of Odessa again and was declared the runner-up. He accused his competitor of election fraud and filed a lawsuit, which was rejected by the court. In the same year, he was elected to the parliament on the party list of the bloc "Our Ukraine" and became a member of the corresponding parliamentary faction.

In 2005, after the "Orange" forces came to power, the Primorsky District Court of Odessa declared the official results of the 2002 mayoral elections falsified and annulled them. By the court's decision, Hurwitz was appointed mayor of Odessa, and his deputy powers were terminated. The same judge who awarded him the victory in the 1994 mayoral elections considered Hurwitz's lawsuit.

In 2006, Hurwitz was elected as the mayor of Odessa and is currently holding this position. On April 5, he took the oath of the mayor.

Throughout his political career, Hurwitz has been involved in various activities. He supported Boris Derevyanko, the editor of the "Evening Odessa" newspaper, during the 1989 elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1990, he won local council elections in Odessa and became the chairman of the Zhovtnevy District Council. He played a mediator role in the release of Ukrainian hostages in Chechnya and advocated for sending Ukrainian military contingents to Iraq in 2003. During the "Orange Revolution" in 2004, he actively participated in the protests and stood alongside other revolution leaders.

Hurwitz's return to power was marked by his support from extremist Ukrainian nationalist organizations. Despite their lack of popularity in Odessa, representatives of parties such as Pora, UNA-UNSO, Svoboda, and Bratstvo were appointed to various positions in the city council. These appointments are seen as a reward for Hurwitz's help in returning to the mayor's chair with the support of the central government, which has been ruling the country since the "Orange Revolution" and in which Hurwitz was a member of parliament.

On July 8, 2008, a service car belonging to the City Council hit a pedestrian in the center of Odessa due to a gross violation of traffic rules. The results of the investigation into this incident have not been made public, as the mayor's office made efforts to suppress the case.