Federico Garcia Lorca

Federico Garcia Lorca

Spanish poet and playwright
Date of Birth: 05.06.1898
Country: Spain

Biography of Federico Garcia Lorca

Federico Garcia Lorca was a Spanish poet and playwright who emerged as one of the leading figures among Spanish writers after the proclamation of the republic in 1931. He was born on June 5, 1898, in the small village of Fuentevaqueros, near Granada. In 1909, his family moved to Granada and Federico enrolled in school.

In 1914, Garcia Lorca entered the University of Granada, studying philology, philosophy, and law. In 1917, he published his first essay to commemorate the centenary of Sorrioli, and in 1918, his first book was published. In 1921, he released his first collection of poetry.

From 1929 to 1930, Garcia Lorca traveled to the United States and Cuba. After the proclamation of the republic in 1931, he joined the vanguard of Spanish writers. From 1931 to 1933, he led the mobile student theater group "La Barraca," which performed plays by Spanish classics in villages and small towns, often on squares or streets.

In September 1933, Garcia Lorca left Spain and began touring Latin America. He returned to Spain in 1934. On August 19, 1936 (or according to other sources, August 20), he was executed by fascists near Granada. Among his works are poems, poems, plays, and puppet theater plays, including "The Butterfly's Evil Spell" (1919, a romantic tale), "Book of Poems" (1921), "Deep Song" (1921-1922, a collection of poems published in 1931), "Mariana Pineda" (1925, a heroic drama), "Songs" (1927, a collection of poems), "Gypsy Ballads" (1928, a collection of poems), "Poet in New York" (1930-1935, a collection of poems published in 1940), "When Five Years Pass" (1930, a play), "The Wondering Shoe Salesman" (1930, a popular farce), "Blood Wedding" (1933, a tragedy), "Love of Don Perlimplin" (1933), "Yerma" (1934, a tragedy), "Speech about the Theatre" (1935), "Doña Rosita the Spinster, or The Language of Flowers" (1935, a play), "Lament for Ignacio Sanchez Mejias" (1935, a poem), and "The House of Bernarda Alba" (1936, a drama published in 1945).