Ferdinand Kuast

Ferdinand Kuast

German general of infantry (1914).
Date of Birth: 18.10.1850
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of Ferdinand von Quast
  2. Early Military Career
  3. Rise to Command
  4. World War I

Biography of Ferdinand von Quast

Ferdinand von Quast (October 18, 1850 - October 9, 1926) was a German infantry general. He was born in Radensleben, Germany.

Early Military Career

Quast joined the 2nd Guard Grenadier Regiment of Emperor Franz in 1870. He served as a lieutenant during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871.

Rise to Command

Quast steadily rose through the ranks, becoming the commander of a company in 1887 and the 2nd Battalion of the 2nd Guard Infantry Regiment in 1895. In 1903, he became the commander of the 2nd Guard Grenadier Regiment, and in 1907, he was assigned to the 39th Infantry Brigade. In March 1908, he took command of the 3rd Guard Infantry Brigade, and in October of the same year, he became the commander of the 2nd Guard Infantry Brigade. In 1910, Quast was appointed as the commander of the 6th Division in Brandenburg, and in 1913, he took command of the IX Army Corps, with its headquarters in Altona.

World War I

At the start of World War I, Quast's IX Army Corps, consisting of the 17th and 18th Infantry Divisions, was assigned to the 2nd Army under General Karl von Bülow. Later, he was transferred to the 1st Army under General Alexander von Kluck. In 1914, Quast played a significant role in capturing Tournai, Mons, and other strategic locations.

During the Battle of the Marne in September 1914, Quast's corps was attacked by units of the 5th French Army southwest of Esternay and found themselves in a precarious position. However, with assistance from the corps of the 2nd Army, the situation improved and Quast was able to regain lost positions.

In 1915, Quast had successful operations during the German autumn offensive in Champagne. During the Battle of the Somme from July 1 to November 18, 1916, his corps was significantly reinforced and effectively became an army group. Quast was awarded the Pour le Mérite order on August 11, 1916.

From January 24, 1917, Quast commanded the Guard Corps and participated in the Battle of Flanders. On September 9, 1917, he became the commander of the 6th Army. In March 1918, as part of Crown Prince Rupprecht's army group, Quast fought in Flanders. From April 9 to 29, 1918, he led an offensive in Flanders alongside the 4th Army against the 2nd and 1st British Armies. Despite initial success, the offensive was eventually halted on April 29.

Quast received oak leaves to his Pour le Mérite order on April 10, 1918. From January 10, 1919, he served as the chief of the Northern Defense Command, which acted as a buffer against the Red Army and Polish forces. He retired on July 19, 1919.