Friedrich Alfred Krupp

Friedrich Alfred Krupp

German steel magnate, head of Krupp
Date of Birth: 17.02.1854
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of Friedrich Alfred Krupp
  2. Expanding the Family Empire
  3. Passions and Tragic End

Biography of Friedrich Alfred Krupp

Friedrich Alfred Krupp, a German steel magnate, was born on February 17, 1854, in Essen, Germany. He was the head of the Krupp company, which had been a family business for several centuries. His father, Alfred Krupp, born in 1812 and died in 1887, transformed the modest family enterprise into the largest steel company in Germany. As the eldest son, Friedrich Alfred inherited the leadership of the company and took over as director in 1887. He married Margarethe Krupp, born Freiin von Ende. They did not have any sons, but they had two daughters, Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach and Barbara, who married Tilo Freiherr von Wilmowsky.

Friedrich Alfred Krupp

Expanding the Family Empire

Since Friedrich Alfred did not have a son to pass on the leadership of the family business, he prepared his daughter Bertha for this role. She possessed strong business acumen and engineering skills. Bertha's husband, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, a talented manager and Prussian nobleman, also joined the company's leadership with the permission of the emperor, adding the Krupp name to his own. Friedrich Alfred Krupp significantly expanded the family holdings, acquiring shipyards in Kiel on the Baltic Sea and a steelworks in Magdeburg. Under his leadership, a blast furnace and steelworks plant in Rheinhausen, which remained the largest enterprise in Europe for a long time, were also constructed.

Passions and Tragic End

Friedrich Alfred Krupp had a great love for the Italian island of Capri, where he spent several months every year. He stayed at the Quisisana hotel and owned two yachts, the Maya and the Puritan. He was passionate about zoology and oceanography and met the renowned German zoologist Felix Anton Dohrn and Italian physician and philosopher Ignazio Cerio on Capri.

On November 15, 1902, the socialist-democratic magazine "Vorwärts" published an article alleging that Friedrich Alfred Krupp was homosexual and had relationships with local young boys and men. The article specifically mentioned his alleged main love interest, Adolfo Schiano, an 18-year-old hairdresser and amateur musician. A week later, on November 22, 1902, Krupp committed suicide. Emperor Wilhelm II, who attended his funeral, accused the social democrats of spreading false accusations about Krupp's sexual orientation in his speech.