Gamil Abdel Naser

Gamil Abdel Naser

Statesman and politician
Date of Birth: 15.01.1918
Country: Egypt

Biography of Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser was a prominent Egyptian statesman and political figure. He was born on January 15, 1918, in Beni-Mur, Asyut province, Egypt, and passed away on September 28, 1970, in Cairo. Nasser came from a family of postal workers.

In 1935, he completed his secondary education in Cairo and went on to attend a military academy, graduating as a junior lieutenant in 1939. Nasser served in military units in Egypt and Sudan. In 1942, he was sent to the General Staff College, which he successfully completed with distinction.

During the Arab-Israeli War of 1948-1949, Nasser actively participated and was wounded in action. From 1949 to 1952, he served as a professor at the General Staff College, holding the rank of lieutenant colonel. It was during this time that Nasser founded and led the secret political organization known as the "Free Officers," which prepared and carried out the anti-imperialist and anti-feudal revolution on July 23, 1952. He held positions as deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Council, the governing body of the revolution.

From 1954 to 1956, with a few interruptions, Nasser served as prime minister and simultaneously fulfilled the duties of the president. In June 1956, he became the president of Egypt and led the country's resistance against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression. Nasser also assumed the role of commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He dedicated significant attention to the development of Egypt's economy.

In June 1962, the National Congress of People's Forces approved the National Charter, prepared with Nasser's direct involvement. The charter outlined progressive goals for Egypt's domestic and foreign policies. Nasser actively advocated for the unity of Arab nations in their struggle for national independence. Starting from 1963, he served as the chairman of the Arab Socialist Union.

Despite Egypt's military defeat in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War and the ensuing economic and political challenges, Nasser, with the support of the masses, continued to pursue progressive socio-economic measures. On March 30, 1968, he presented a program of action to address the aftermath of Egypt's defeat in the 1967 war. Nasser initiated and actively participated in numerous international conferences of heads of states and governments, where he championed the cause of peoples fighting for freedom and independence.