Georg Hegel

Georg Hegel

German philosopher
Date of Birth: 27.08.1770
Country: Germany

Biography of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) was a German philosopher and one of the most influential thinkers of his time. He was born into a family of high-ranking officials and grew up in a privileged environment. Hegel attended the Tubingen Theological Seminary from 1788 to 1793, where he studied philosophy and theology. During this period, he became enthusiastic about the revolutionary events in France and spoke out against feudalism in Germany, advocating for a republic.

From 1808 to 1816, Hegel served as the director of a gymnasium in Nuremberg. However, his views evolved after the fall of Napoleon and the spread of conservatism. He began to believe that the Prussian state was founded on rational principles. In 1818, Hegel was invited to give lectures at the University of Berlin, where he would spend the rest of his life.

Hegel is best known for his development of a systematic theory of dialectics based on objective idealism. The central concept of his philosophy is the idea of development, which characterizes the activity of the absolute (world spirit) in the realm of pure thought. This development progresses through a series of increasingly concrete categories, including being, nothingness, becoming, quality, quantity, measure, essence, appearance, actuality, concept, object, idea, culminating in the absolute idea.

Hegel also explored the idea of contradiction as the internal source of development, which he presented in the form of a triad. He saw history as the progress of the spirit towards self-awareness and freedom, which is sequentially realized through the spirit of different nations. Hegel envisioned the realization of democratic ideals within a compromise with the existing social order, within the framework of a constitutional monarchy.

His philosophical and social ideas had a profound impact on the development of European thought in the 19th and 20th centuries. Hegel's major works include "Phenomenology of Spirit" (1807), "Science of Logic" (1812-1816), "Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences" (1817), "Elements of the Philosophy of Right" (1821), and lectures on the philosophy of history, aesthetics, philosophy of religion, and the history of philosophy (published posthumously).

Selected Quotes:
- "Speech is an incredibly powerful instrument, but it takes a lot of intelligence to use it."
- "Of all immoral relationships, the treatment of children as slaves is the most immoral."
- "Reason can be formed without a heart, and a heart can exist without reason; there are one-sided hearts that lack reason and heartless minds."