Gyula Andrassy

Gyula Andrassy

Hungarian statesman and politician
Date of Birth: 03.03.1823
Country: Slovakia

  1. Biography of Dula Andrássy
  2. Early Political Career
  3. Diplomatic and Later Political Career
  4. Later Years and Legacy

Biography of Dula Andrássy

Dula Andrássy was a Hungarian statesman and politician who played a significant role in the history of Hungary. He was born on March 8, 1823, in Košice, in the Zemplén County of Eastern Slovakia. He was the second of three sons of Count Károly Andrássy.

Early Political Career

After completing his university studies and returning from a trip abroad, Dula Andrássy was elected as a representative to the Hungarian Parliament in Pressburg (Bratislava) by the Zemplén County Committee from 1847 to 1848. He actively supported and participated in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848-1849. The new Hungarian ministry appointed him the Obergespan (chief magistrate) of the Zemplén County Committee. In this position, he led the Zemplén Landsturm against the imperial forces under Schlick.

Diplomatic and Later Political Career

After the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution in 1848-1849, Andrássy emigrated and married Countess Kéthelyi Károly in 1851. He was sentenced to death in absentia by the Austrian authorities but was symbolically executed. However, he was able to return to Hungary in 1857 with the help of his mother and took an oath of allegiance to Emperor Franz Joseph I.

In 1861, Andrássy was elected as a representative for the Zemplén district in the Hungarian National Assembly and joined the Deák Party. He advocated for a compromise with the Habsburgs. When the transformation of the Austrian Empire based on the principles of dualism began under the leadership of Beust, Andrássy was appointed as the Minister-President (Prime Minister) of the Hungarian government on February 17, 1867. He also took charge of the Ministry of National Defense. He held these positions until 1871.

During his time as Minister-President, Andrássy accompanied Emperor Franz Joseph I to the World Exhibition in Paris in October 1867 and to the opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt in 1869. After Count Beust's resignation, Andrássy was appointed as the Minister of the Imperial Court in 1871. In this role, he pursued a policy of close alignment with the German Empire and successfully gained consent from other nations for the occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austro-Hungarian forces in 1878.

Later Years and Legacy

Andrássy actively participated in foreign policy during the wars between Turkey, Serbia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. He worked to maintain Austria-Hungary's neutrality. Concerned about the increased role of Russia in the Balkans, Andrássy obtained a military credit of 60 million florins and insisted on the revision of the Treaty of San Stefano at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.

Andrássy resigned as Minister of Foreign Affairs in September 1879, concluding his diplomatic career by signing the Austro-German Defensive Alliance with Bismarck. He continued to be involved in politics as a member of the Hungarian Upper House and managed his estates. Dula Andrássy passed away in February 1890. His son, also named Dula Andrássy, followed in his father's footsteps and became a politician, serving as Minister of Education for a period of time.