Harland Sanders

Harland Sanders

American businessman and restaurateur
Date of Birth: 09.09.1890
Country: USA

Content:
  1. Biography of Colonel Sanders
  2. Early Life and Challenges
  3. Family and Entrepreneurship
  4. Expansion and Philanthropy

Biography of Colonel Sanders

Early Life and Challenges

Colonel Sanders, an American businessman and restaurateur, founded the fast food chain 'Kentucky Fried Chicken' or 'KFC', which stands for 'Kentucky Fried Chicken'. Today, KFC is one of the largest restaurant chains in the world, with a revenue of over $15 billion. Sanders was born on September 9, 1890, in a cabin along a rural road, three miles from the town of Henryville, Indiana. His father, a farmer, was a kind and gentle man, but after a failed fall resulting in a broken leg and spine, he had to switch from farming to being a butcher in Henryville. Unfortunately, one summer day, he returned home with a fever and passed away that same evening. To support herself and her children, Sanders' mother, Harland, took a job at a tomato canning factory, while five-year-old Sanders took on the responsibility of preparing their meals. At the age of 12, Sanders dropped out of school. In 1902, his mother remarried, but his stepfather turned out to be a different person - he physically abused Sanders. With his mother's approval, the young boy moved in with his uncle in Albany, Indiana. Three years later, Sanders lied about his age and enlisted in the army. He served in Cuba, and after being discharged, he moved to Sheffield, Alabama, where his uncle had relocated. During this period, Sanders had various occupations, working as an insurance agent, a railroad firefighter, a farmer, and a steamboat pilot.

Harland Sanders

Family and Entrepreneurship

In 1908, Sanders married Josephine King, and they had three children. However, his wife left him when Sanders lost his job again. In 1930, Sanders opened a gas station in Corbin, Kentucky, where he also cooked chicken and other dishes for the customers. The popularity of his meals grew, and soon Sanders moved to a motel with a 142-seat restaurant, which later became the Harland Sanders Cafe and Museum. Over the next nine years, he developed and perfected his "secret recipe" for fried chicken, cooked in a pressure fryer, which was much faster than using a skillet. In 1939, his establishment was visited by restaurant critic Duncan Hines, who was so impressed with his meal that he mentioned Sanders' modest restaurant in his famous guidebook, 'Adventures in Good Eating'. This marked the beginning of Sanders' great success. As his business grew, Sanders began to play a more important role in his community and even joined the Masonic lodge. In 1947, he finally divorced his first wife, Josephine, and two years later, he married Claudia Price, his secretary whom he had long desired. In the same year, his friend, Governor Lawrence Wetherby, bestowed upon Sanders the honorary title of Kentucky Colonel – it has no military rank significance - and since then, the founder of KFC has been better known as Colonel Sanders. It was also during this time that he changed his appearance, growing his signature mustache and goatee, and donning a white suit and string tie, permanently transforming into the cheerful white-haired old man that we still see in the company's logo.

Harland Sanders

Expansion and Philanthropy

In the early 1950s, Sanders noticed that a new road, Route 75, had reduced the number of visitors to his restaurant, so he decided to turn 'Kentucky Fried Chicken' (although it had a different name at the time) into a franchise. In 1952, the first such restaurant opened in South Salt Lake, Utah, and it enjoyed incredible success. Don Anderson, a designer, came up with the name that would become famous. The restaurant in Utah focused on the legendary Southern hospitality that set it apart from other establishments in the area, and this characteristic became the foundation of the entire network - by 1963, the number of restaurants in the chain had surpassed six hundred! In 1964, Sanders sold the American portion of the corporation for $2 million and moved to Canada, where he continued to oversee the Canadian business. Sanders used his wealth to establish a foundation and charitable organization that provided scholarships, supported medical institutions, and organized assistance for women and children in need. Sanders passed away from pneumonia in his beloved Kentucky on December 16, 1980, after living a long and fruitful life. In the 'KFC' archives, manuscripts with recipes and stories by Colonel Sanders were discovered, believed to have been written in the mid-1960s. The company plans to introduce some of the recipes to the menu and publish a book online.

Harland Sanders

© BIOGRAPHS