Imre Nad

Imre Nad

Prime Minister of Hungary
Date of Birth: 07.06.1896
Country: Hungary

  1. Biography of Imre Nagy
  2. Early Life and Military Service
  3. Exile and Return
  4. Political Career and Reforms
  5. The Hungarian Revolution
  6. Imprisonment and Execution

Biography of Imre Nagy

Imre Nagy was born on June 7, 1896, in Kaposhvar, Hungary, into a peasant family.

Early Life and Military Service

During the First World War, Nagy served in the Austro-Hungarian army and was captured by the Russian forces. He later participated in the Bolshevik Revolution and the Russian Civil War.

Exile and Return

After the war, Nagy returned to Hungary, but in 1928, he was forced to flee to the Soviet Union. He remained there until 1944 when the advancing Red Army allowed him to return to Hungary.

Political Career and Reforms

From 1944 to 1945, Nagy served as the Minister of Agriculture in the temporary government. In 1947, he became a member of the Communist Party's Politburo and held various ministerial positions in the following years.

Nagy opposed forced collectivization and was expelled from the Politburo from 1949 to 1951. However, he was reinstated in the government after publicly repenting for his views.

In 1953, Nagy became the Prime Minister and began implementing a reform program. However, he was removed from power in 1955.

The Hungarian Revolution

In October 1956, Nagy was appointed as the Prime Minister of a coalition government. The program of this government aimed to provide economic freedom for peasants and small property owners while maintaining a socialist state of general well-being. It also included the legalization of workers' councils and non-communist parties, conducting free elections, withdrawing Soviet troops from Hungary, and declaring Hungary's neutrality.

However, on November 4, 1956, the Soviet Union violated its earlier commitments and launched a massive invasion. A new government led by Janos Kadar was formed. Nagy and his closest associates sought refuge in the Yugoslav embassy but were deceived and subsequently expelled to Romania.

Imprisonment and Execution

After being forcibly returned to Hungary, Nagy was imprisoned, and on June 16, 1958, he was secretly executed in Budapest.