Ioan 2

Ioan 2

French king from the Valois dynasty
Date of Birth: 16.04.1319
Country: France

Content:
  1. Biography of John II of France
  2. The Battle of Poitiers and Captivity
  3. Return to Paris and Second Captivity

Biography of John II of France

John II of France was a French king from the Valois dynasty. He ruled during the period of the Hundred Years' War. After the defeat of the French forces at Crécy in 1346, France faced a difficult military and financial situation. In order to obtain funds for the war efforts, John II called the Estates General in 1355. They agreed to provide subsidies only under the condition of controlling the expenses. However, only a portion of the necessary funds were obtained.

The Battle of Poitiers and Captivity

In the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, John II's troops were defeated by the English forces, and he himself was captured. He was transported to London in 1357. In 1359, John II signed the Treaty of London, in which he ceded half of his kingdom to the English and promised a ransom of 4 million gold ecus. However, the treaty was invalidated by Charles, the regent ruling in John II's absence.

Return to Paris and Second Captivity

After the signing of the peace treaty in Brétigny, which stipulated the payment of a ransom of 3 million gold ecus, John II returned to Paris in December 1360. However, due to the failure to fully pay the ransom and the escape of the hostage (John II's son) from England, he returned to London in 1364, where he soon passed away.

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