James McKeen Cattell

James McKeen Cattell

American psychologist
Date of Birth: 25.05.1860
Country: USA

Content:
  1. Biography of James McKeen Cattell
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Academic Career
  4. Contributions and Achievements

Biography of James McKeen Cattell

James McKeen Cattell (1860–1944) was an American psychologist who dedicated his career to the study of human behavior, education, and the organization of science. He developed methods of psychological measurements and various practical applications of psychological principles.

Early Life and Education

Cattell was born on May 25, 1860, in Easton, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Lafayette College in 1880 and earned his Ph.D. from Leipzig University in 1886. He furthered his studies in Paris, Geneva, and Göttingen, and served as an assistant to Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig.

Academic Career

Cattell lectured at the University of Cambridge, Brinmore College, and the University of Pennsylvania, where he eventually became the head of the Psychology Department. In 1891, Cattell accepted an invitation from Columbia University and held the position of a professor of experimental psychology from 1891 to 1896. He then became the dean of the Anthropology Faculty from 1896 to 1902, and later served as a professor of philosophy from 1902 to 1905, and psychology from 1891 to 1917.

Contributions and Achievements

Cattell dedicated his research to the investigation of human behavior, education, and the organization of science. He developed methods of psychological measurements and various practical applications of psychological principles. He is considered the pioneer of testing methods and the author of several psychological tests. Cattell served as the president of the first American International Psychological Congress and was the editor of numerous scientific publications, including "Psychological Review," "American Men of Science," "Scientific Monthly," and "Science."

In 1937, Cattell was honored with the French Order of the Legion of Honor. He passed away on January 20, 1944, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

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