Jean-Richard Bloch

Jean-Richard Bloch

French writer, playwright, public and theater activist, anti-fascist.
Date of Birth: 24.05.1884
Country: France

Content:
  1. Biography of Jean-Richard Bloch
  2. Early Years and Literary Contributions
  3. Political Activism
  4. Spanish Civil War and World War II
  5. Legacy

Biography of Jean-Richard Bloch

Jean-Richard Bloch was a French writer, playwright, public figure, and theater activist known for his anti-fascist beliefs. He was born on May 25, 1884, in Paris, France.

Early Years and Literary Contributions

In the 1910s, Bloch published a journal called "Effor Libr" in Poitiers, which featured contributions from prominent writers such as Romain Rolland, Roger Martin du Gard, Charles Vildrac, and Jean Romain. During this time, he also wrote the play "The Last Emperor," which was staged in 1936 by Jean Vilar and became part of the repertoire of the National Popular Theater in Trocadero. Additionally, Bloch created librettos for ballets and wrote several lyrical musical dramas.

Political Activism

In 1921, Bloch joined the French Communist Party, but he also expressed his opposition to blind collectivism under the dictatorship of the proletariat, advocating for the preservation of freedom and individual rights. He actively participated in the French Popular Front and attended the First All-Union Congress of Soviet Writers in the Soviet Union in 1934.

Spanish Civil War and World War II

With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Bloch traveled to Spain in support of the Republican cause. In 1936, he published his book, "Spain, Spain!" which reflected his experiences and thoughts on the conflict. During this time, he collaborated with Louis Aragon to publish the evening communist newspaper "Ce soir" and wrote articles for "L'Humanité." He also created the play "The Birth of the City" in 1937.

As World War II began and France was occupied by Nazi Germany, Bloch went into hiding and adopted an illegal status. From 1941 to 1944, he lived in the Soviet Union, where he regularly appeared on radio broadcasts and wrote 1200 radio plays. These plays were later compiled into a collection titled "From a Betrayed France to an Armed France." Bloch also continued writing plays during this period, including "The Search in Paris" (1941) and "Toulon" (1943).

Legacy

Jean-Richard Bloch is recognized for his significant contributions to theater, particularly for his creation of a new type of realistic drama based on documentary evidence. This style of drama greatly influenced the theater in the second half of the 20th century. Bloch's dedication to anti-fascism and his commitment to preserving individual freedoms have left a lasting impact on French literature and political activism.

After his death on March 17, 1947, Bloch was buried in the Père-Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France.

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